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Date:   Fri, 23 Sep 2022 12:52:47 +0200
From:   Juergen Gross <jgross@...e.com>
To:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        "Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa@...il.mit.edu>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Alexey Makhalov <amakhalov@...are.com>, x86@...nel.org,
        VMware PV-Drivers Reviewers <pv-drivers@...are.com>,
        ganb@...are.com, sturlapati@...are.com, bordoloih@...are.com,
        ankitja@...are.com, keerthanak@...are.com, namit@...are.com,
        srivatsab@...are.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] smp/hotplug, x86/vmware: Put offline vCPUs in halt
 instead of mwait

On 23.09.22 09:05, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 21, 2022 at 01:44:33PM -0700, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
>> From: Srivatsa S. Bhat (VMware) <srivatsa@...il.mit.edu>
>>
>> VMware ESXi allows enabling a passthru mwait CPU-idle state in the
>> guest using the following VMX option:
>>
>> monitor_control.mwait_in_guest = "TRUE"
>>
>> This lets a vCPU in mwait to remain in guest context (instead of
>> yielding to the hypervisor via a VMEXIT), which helps speed up
>> wakeups from idle.
>>
>> However, this runs into problems with CPU hotplug, because the Linux
>> CPU offline path prefers to put the vCPU-to-be-offlined in mwait
>> state, whenever mwait is available. As a result, since a vCPU in mwait
>> remains in guest context and does not yield to the hypervisor, an
>> offline vCPU *appears* to be 100% busy as viewed from ESXi, which
>> prevents the hypervisor from running other vCPUs or workloads on the
>> corresponding pCPU (particularly when vCPU - pCPU mappings are
>> statically defined by the user).
> 
> I would hope vCPU pinning is a mandatory thing when MWAIT passthrough it
> set?
> 
>> [ Note that such a vCPU is not
>> actually busy spinning though; it remains in mwait idle state in the
>> guest ].
>>
>> Fix this by overriding the CPU offline play_dead() callback for VMware
>> hypervisor, by putting the CPU in halt state (which actually yields to
>> the hypervisor), even if mwait support is available.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat (VMware) <srivatsa@...il.mit.edu>
>> ---
> 
>> +static void vmware_play_dead(void)
>> +{
>> +	play_dead_common();
>> +	tboot_shutdown(TB_SHUTDOWN_WFS);
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Put the vCPU going offline in halt instead of mwait (even
>> +	 * if mwait support is available), to make sure that the
>> +	 * offline vCPU yields to the hypervisor (which may not happen
>> +	 * with mwait, for example, if the guest's VMX is configured
>> +	 * to retain the vCPU in guest context upon mwait).
>> +	 */
>> +	hlt_play_dead();
>> +}
>>   #endif
>>   
>>   static __init int activate_jump_labels(void)
>> @@ -349,6 +365,7 @@ static void __init vmware_paravirt_ops_setup(void)
>>   #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
>>   		smp_ops.smp_prepare_boot_cpu =
>>   			vmware_smp_prepare_boot_cpu;
>> +		smp_ops.play_dead = vmware_play_dead;
>>   		if (cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN,
>>   					      "x86/vmware:online",
>>   					      vmware_cpu_online,
> 
> No real objection here; but would not something like the below fix the
> problem more generally? I'm thinking MWAIT passthrough for *any*
> hypervisor doesn't want play_dead to use it.
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
> index f24227bc3220..166cb3aaca8a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
> @@ -1759,6 +1759,8 @@ static inline void mwait_play_dead(void)
>   		return;
>   	if (!this_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSH))
>   		return;
> +	if (this_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR))
> +		return;
>   	if (__this_cpu_read(cpu_info.cpuid_level) < CPUID_MWAIT_LEAF)
>   		return;
>   

With my Xen hat on I agree with this approach.


Juergen

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