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Date:	Wed, 03 Jan 2007 19:10:01 +0100
From:	Jan Kiszka <>
To:	Jiri Benc <>
CC:, Ivo Van Doorn <>,
Subject: Re: d80211: How does TX flow control work?

Jiri Benc wrote:

> On Tue, 02 Jan 2007 14:08:21 +0100, Jan Kiszka wrote:
>> What I (think to) understand is that a low-level drivers call
>> ieee80211_stop_queue() if they run out of buffers. That flips a
>> per-queue bit (IEEE80211_LINK_STATE_XOFF), prevents that any further
>> frame is passed to the low-level TX routine,
> Correct.
>> and can cause that up to
>> *one* packet per queue is stored in
>> ieee80211_local::pending_packets[queue].
> This is needed due to fragmented frames. After resume, passing of
> fragments to the driver has to continue where it was stopped. Returning
> the half-sent fragmented frame to the 802.11 qdisc wasn't possible
> until recently (I think the conversion of master interface to native
> 802.11 type could allow that now - but it's probably not worth the
> effort).
>> But it looks to me like nothing
>> prevents ieee80211_tx() being invoked even in case that there is already
>> some stuff in that single-packet storage.
> The 802.11 qdisc (see wme_qdiscop_dequeue) takes care of that.
Ahh, that is an interesting new piece in the puzzle.

>> That in turn triggers WARN_ONs in ieee80211_tx() under high load for me
>> (with rt2500usb). And it should also cause orphaned skbs because the
>> storage is overwritten in that case. Either I'm blind or something is
>> fishy...
> You are most likely hitting some bug. Could you post more information
> please?
Test scenario is rt2500usb from the rt2x00 CVS (+my currently half-pending
series), an ASUS WL167g USB stick, and hostapd driving that stick in master
mode. As soon as I trigger the AP to send out some longer TCP stream, I get
these warnings:

BUG: warning at /usr/src/rt2x00/rt2x00/ieee80211/ieee80211.c:1256/ieee80211_tx()
 <cfa02245> ieee80211_master_start_xmit+0x105/0x430 [80211]  <c024e35d> __ip_ct_refresh_acct+0x4d/0x60
 <c024fd11> tcp_packet+0x941/0x970  <c0217442> qdisc_restart+0x92/0x100
 <c020d43d> dev_queue_xmit+0xbd/0x1a0  <cfa050d8> ieee80211_subif_start_xmit+0x468/0x480 [80211]
 <c0207dca> skb_clone+0x3a/0x1a0  <c021d16d> nf_hook_slow+0x4d/0xc0
 <c020d495> dev_queue_xmit+0x115/0x1a0  <c0226a63> ip_output+0x1c3/0x200
 <c0225740> ip_finish_output+0x0/0x180  <c022628b> ip_queue_xmit+0x36b/0x3b0
 <c0224130> dst_output+0x0/0x10  <ce9bae7d> usb_hcd_giveback_urb+0x2d/0x60 [usbcore]
 <c0237da2> tcp_v4_send_check+0x82/0xd0  <c0237da2> tcp_v4_send_check+0x82/0xd0
 <c0233244> tcp_transmit_skb+0x5e4/0x610  <c0234b36> __tcp_push_pending_frames+0x676/0x740
 <c0207f81> __alloc_skb+0x51/0x100  <c022b817> tcp_sendmsg+0x897/0x980
 <c0153fa9> core_sys_select+0x1b9/0x2b0  <c0241f1d> inet_sendmsg+0x3d/0x50
 <c0202a8f> do_sock_write+0x8f/0xa0  <c020301f> sock_aio_write+0x5f/0x70
 <c01443d3> do_sync_write+0xc3/0x100  <c01247f0> autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x40
 <c0144ca1> vfs_write+0xa1/0x140  <c01451d3> sys_write+0x43/0x70
 <c0102ae7> syscall_call+0x7/0xb

Does it tell you anything already? Is there something I may instrument? What
could the driver do wrong to trigger such bug?


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