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Date:	Mon, 10 Sep 2007 17:16:16 +0400
From:	Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@...nvz.org>
To:	"Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@...ssion.com>
CC:	David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
	Linux Containers <containers@...ts.osdl.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 03/16] net: Basic network namespace infrastructure.

Eric W. Biederman wrote:

[snip]

> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/net/net_namespace.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,68 @@
> +/*
> + * Operations on the network namespace
> + */
> +#ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H
> +#define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H
> +
> +#include <asm/atomic.h>
> +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +
> +struct net {

Isn't this name is too generic? Why not net_namespace?

> +	atomic_t		count;		/* To decided when the network
> +						 *  namespace should be freed.
> +						 */
> +	atomic_t		use_count;	/* To track references we
> +						 * destroy on demand
> +						 */
> +	struct list_head	list;		/* list of network namespaces */
> +	struct work_struct	work;		/* work struct for freeing */
> +};

[snip]

> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/net/core/net_namespace.c

[snip]

> +static int setup_net(struct net *net)
> +{
> +	/* Must be called with net_mutex held */
> +	struct pernet_operations *ops;
> +	struct list_head *ptr;
> +	int error;
> +
> +	memset(net, 0, sizeof(struct net));
> +	atomic_set(&net->count, 1);
> +	atomic_set(&net->use_count, 0);
> +
> +	error = 0;
> +	list_for_each(ptr, &pernet_list) {
> +		ops = list_entry(ptr, struct pernet_operations, list);
> +		if (ops->init) {
> +			error = ops->init(net);
> +			if (error < 0)
> +				goto out_undo;
> +		}
> +	}
> +out:
> +	return error;
> +out_undo:
> +	/* Walk through the list backwards calling the exit functions
> +	 * for the pernet modules whose init functions did not fail.
> +	 */
> +	for (ptr = ptr->prev; ptr != &pernet_list; ptr = ptr->prev) {

Good reason for adding list_for_each_continue_reverse :)

> +		ops = list_entry(ptr, struct pernet_operations, list);
> +		if (ops->exit)
> +			ops->exit(net);
> +	}
> +	goto out;
> +}
> +
> +static int __init net_ns_init(void)
> +{
> +	int err;
> +
> +	printk(KERN_INFO "net_namespace: %zd bytes\n", sizeof(struct net));
> +	net_cachep = kmem_cache_create("net_namespace", sizeof(struct net),
> +					SMP_CACHE_BYTES,
> +					SLAB_PANIC, NULL);
> +	mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
> +	err = setup_net(&init_net);
> +
> +	net_lock();
> +	list_add_tail(&init_net.list, &net_namespace_list);
> +	net_unlock();
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&net_mutex);
> +	if (err)
> +		panic("Could not setup the initial network namespace");
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +pure_initcall(net_ns_init);
> +
> +static int register_pernet_operations(struct list_head *list,
> +				      struct pernet_operations *ops)
> +{
> +	struct net *net, *undo_net;
> +	int error;
> +
> +	error = 0;
> +	list_add_tail(&ops->list, list);
> +	for_each_net(net) {
> +		if (ops->init) {

Maybe it's better to do it vice-versa?
if (ops->init)
   for_each_net(net)
       ops->init(net);
...

> +			error = ops->init(net);
> +			if (error)
> +				goto out_undo;
> +		}
> +	}
> +out:
> +	return error;
> +
> +out_undo:
> +	/* If I have an error cleanup all namespaces I initialized */
> +	list_del(&ops->list);
> +	for_each_net(undo_net) {
> +		if (undo_net == net)
> +			goto undone;
> +		if (ops->exit)
> +			ops->exit(undo_net);
> +	}
> +undone:
> +	goto out;
> +}
> +
> +static void unregister_pernet_operations(struct pernet_operations *ops)
> +{
> +	struct net *net;
> +
> +	list_del(&ops->list);
> +	for_each_net(net)
> +		if (ops->exit)

The same here.

> +			ops->exit(net);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + *      register_pernet_subsys - register a network namespace subsystem
> + *	@ops:  pernet operations structure for the subsystem
> + *
> + *	Register a subsystem which has init and exit functions
> + *	that are called when network namespaces are created and
> + *	destroyed respectively.
> + *
> + *	When registered all network namespace init functions are
> + *	called for every existing network namespace.  Allowing kernel
> + *	modules to have a race free view of the set of network namespaces.
> + *
> + *	When a new network namespace is created all of the init
> + *	methods are called in the order in which they were registered.
> + *
> + *	When a network namespace is destroyed all of the exit methods
> + *	are called in the reverse of the order with which they were
> + *	registered.
> + */
> +int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *ops)
> +{
> +	int error;
> +	mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
> +	error =  register_pernet_operations(first_device, ops);
> +	mutex_unlock(&net_mutex);
> +	return error;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_pernet_subsys);
> +
> +/**
> + *      unregister_pernet_subsys - unregister a network namespace subsystem
> + *	@ops: pernet operations structure to manipulate
> + *
> + *	Remove the pernet operations structure from the list to be
> + *	used when network namespaces are created or destoryed.  In
> + *	addition run the exit method for all existing network
> + *	namespaces.
> + */
> +void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *module)
> +{
> +	mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
> +	unregister_pernet_operations(module);
> +	mutex_unlock(&net_mutex);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_pernet_subsys);
> +
> +/**
> + *      register_pernet_device - register a network namespace device
> + *	@ops:  pernet operations structure for the subsystem
> + *
> + *	Register a device which has init and exit functions
> + *	that are called when network namespaces are created and
> + *	destroyed respectively.
> + *
> + *	When registered all network namespace init functions are
> + *	called for every existing network namespace.  Allowing kernel
> + *	modules to have a race free view of the set of network namespaces.
> + *
> + *	When a new network namespace is created all of the init
> + *	methods are called in the order in which they were registered.
> + *
> + *	When a network namespace is destroyed all of the exit methods
> + *	are called in the reverse of the order with which they were
> + *	registered.
> + */
> +int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *ops)
> +{
> +	int error;
> +	mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
> +	error = register_pernet_operations(&pernet_list, ops);
> +	if (!error && (first_device == &pernet_list))

Very minor: why do you give the name "device" to some pernet_operations?

Thanks,
Pavel
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