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Date:	Fri, 24 Sep 2010 21:27:02 -0700 (PDT)
From:	David Miller <>
Subject: Re: de4x5 hangs with SMP: synchronize_irq() in interrupt handler?

From: Ondrej Zary <>
Date: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 22:30:49 +0200

> I'm trying to get two Compex FreedomLine 32 PnP-PCI2 cards to work (21041-AA 
> and 21041-PA) - there are problems with de2104x driver (one of the cards does 
> not work at all and the other one switches to non-existing AUI port when the 
> link goes down and never switches back to RJ45) and I know that de4x5 driver 
> worked for me in past.
> Loading de4x5 causes the machine to hang immediately. It hangs at 
> synchronize_irq() call from de4x5_interrupt(). Commenting out this allows the 
> driver to work. Without SMP, synchronize_irq() is redefined to barrier() so 
> it works.
> I don't have a clue how to fix this properly - does anyone know?

This driver is an enormous mess.

Someone half-converted the driver over to use a spinlock to protect
the interrupt handler and other parts of the driver, but that
conversion is so obvsiously buggy that I can't see how it was
ever tested.

All of the tests on lp->interrupt are racy, nothing protects the
setting and testing of that value.  It is set with lp->lock held
but tested asynchronously by the driver's ->ndo_start_xmit

It uses this value to determine if it should queue the packet into
a software queue that gets processed at the end of the interrupt

Problem is, that code path deadlocks, the end of de4x5_interrupt
pulls the packets out of that queue in a loop, and sends them
to the function named de4x5_queue_pkt().

Which tries to take the lp->lock spinlock, which is already held
by de4x5_interrupt().

This driver needs major surgery to get into a working state on
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