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Date:	Sun, 14 Dec 2014 11:41:22 -0800
From:	Roopa Prabhu <roopa@...ulusnetworks.com>
To:	Jiri Pirko <jiri@...nulli.us>
CC:	sfeldma@...il.com, jhs@...atatu.com, bcrl@...ck.org, tgraf@...g.ch,
	john.fastabend@...il.com, stephen@...workplumber.org,
	linville@...driver.com, vyasevic@...hat.com,
	netdev@...r.kernel.org, davem@...emloft.net,
	shm@...ulusnetworks.com, gospo@...ulusnetworks.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next v2 2/4] swdevice: add new api to set and del
 bridge port attributes

On 12/14/14, 7:35 AM, Jiri Pirko wrote:
> Sun, Dec 14, 2014 at 03:13:40PM CET, roopa@...ulusnetworks.com wrote:
>> On 12/11/14, 2:25 PM, Jiri Pirko wrote:
>>> Thu, Dec 11, 2014 at 07:27:32PM CET, roopa@...ulusnetworks.com wrote:
>>>> On 12/11/14, 10:07 AM, Jiri Pirko wrote:
>>>>> Thu, Dec 11, 2014 at 06:59:15PM CET, roopa@...ulusnetworks.com wrote:
>>>>>> On 12/11/14, 9:11 AM, Jiri Pirko wrote:
>>>>>>> Thu, Dec 11, 2014 at 05:52:10PM CET, roopa@...ulusnetworks.com wrote:
>>>>>>>> On 12/10/14, 1:37 AM, Jiri Pirko wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Wed, Dec 10, 2014 at 10:05:18AM CET, roopa@...ulusnetworks.com wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> From: Roopa Prabhu <roopa@...ulusnetworks.com>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> This patch adds two new api's netdev_switch_port_bridge_setlink
>>>>>>>>>> and netdev_switch_port_bridge_dellink to offload bridge port attributes
>>>>>>>>>> to switch asic
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> (The names of the apis look odd with 'switch_port_bridge',
>>>>>>>>>> but am more inclined to change the prefix of the api to something else.
>>>>>>>>>> Will take any suggestions).
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> The api's look at the NETIF_F_HW_NETFUNC_OFFLOAD feature flag to
>>>>>>>>>> pass bridge port attributes to the port device.
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> If the device has the NETIF_F_HW_NETFUNC_OFFLOAD, but does not support
>>>>>>>>>> the bridge port attribute offload ndo, call bridge port attribute ndo's on
>>>>>>>>>> the lowerdevs if supported. This is one way to pass bridge port attributes
>>>>>>>>>> through stacked netdevs (example when bridge port is a bond and bond slaves
>>>>>>>>>> are switch ports).
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Roopa Prabhu <roopa@...ulusnetworks.com>
>>>>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>>>>> include/net/switchdev.h   |    5 +++-
>>>>>>>>>> net/switchdev/switchdev.c |   70 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>>>>>>> 2 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> diff --git a/include/net/switchdev.h b/include/net/switchdev.h
>>>>>>>>>> index 8a6d164..22676b6 100644
>>>>>>>>>> --- a/include/net/switchdev.h
>>>>>>>>>> +++ b/include/net/switchdev.h
>>>>>>>>>> @@ -17,7 +17,10 @@
>>>>>>>>>> int netdev_switch_parent_id_get(struct net_device *dev,
>>>>>>>>>> 				struct netdev_phys_item_id *psid);
>>>>>>>>>> int netdev_switch_port_stp_update(struct net_device *dev, u8 state);
>>>>>>>>>> -
>>>>>>>>>> +int netdev_switch_port_bridge_setlink(struct net_device *dev,
>>>>>>>>>> +				struct nlmsghdr *nlh, u16 flags);
>>>>>>>>>> +int netdev_switch_port_bridge_dellink(struct net_device *dev,
>>>>>>>>>> +				struct nlmsghdr *nlh, u16 flags);
>>>>>>>>>> #else
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> static inline int netdev_switch_parent_id_get(struct net_device *dev,
>>>>>>>>>> diff --git a/net/switchdev/switchdev.c b/net/switchdev/switchdev.c
>>>>>>>>>> index d162b21..62317e1 100644
>>>>>>>>>> --- a/net/switchdev/switchdev.c
>>>>>>>>>> +++ b/net/switchdev/switchdev.c
>>>>>>>>>> @@ -50,3 +50,73 @@ int netdev_switch_port_stp_update(struct net_device *dev, u8 state)
>>>>>>>>>> 	return ops->ndo_switch_port_stp_update(dev, state);
>>>>>>>>>> }
>>>>>>>>>> EXPORT_SYMBOL(netdev_switch_port_stp_update);
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +/**
>>>>>>>>>> + *	netdev_switch_port_bridge_setlink - Notify switch device port of bridge
>>>>>>>>>> + *	port attributes
>>>>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>>>>> + *	@dev: port device
>>>>>>>>>> + *	@nlh: netlink msg with bridge port attributes
>>>>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>>>>> + *	Notify switch device port of bridge port attributes
>>>>>>>>>> + */
>>>>>>>>>> +int netdev_switch_port_bridge_setlink(struct net_device *dev,
>>>>>>>>>> +									  struct nlmsghdr *nlh, u16 flags)
>>>>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>>>>> +	const struct net_device_ops *ops = dev->netdev_ops;
>>>>>>>>>> +	struct net_device *lower_dev;
>>>>>>>>>> +	struct list_head *iter;
>>>>>>>>>> +	int ret = 0, err = 0;
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +	if (!(dev->features & NETIF_F_HW_NETFUNC_OFFLOAD))
>>>>>>>>>> +		return err;
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +	if (ops->ndo_bridge_setlink) {
>>>>>>>>>> +	    WARN_ON(!ops->ndo_switch_parent_id_get);
>>>>>>>>>> +	    return ops->ndo_bridge_setlink(dev, nlh, flags);
>>>>>>>>> 	You have to change ndo_bridge_setlink in netdevice.h first.
>>>>>>>>> 	Otherwise when only this patch is applied (during bisection)
>>>>>>>>> 	this won't compile.
>>>>>>>> ack, will fix it and keep that in mind next time.
>>>>>>>>>> +	}
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +	netdev_for_each_lower_dev(dev, lower_dev, iter) {
>>>>>>>>> 	I do not understand why to iterate over lower devices. At this
>>>>>>>>> 	stage we don't know a thing about this upper or its lowers. Let
>>>>>>>>> 	the uppers (/masters) to decide if this needs to be propagated
>>>>>>>>> 	or not.
>>>>>>>> Jiri, In the stacked devices case, there is no way to propagate the bridge
>>>>>>>> port attributes to switch device driver today (vlan and other bridge port
>>>>>>>> attributes). Can you tell me if there is a way ?. no, ndo_vlan* ndo's are not
>>>>>>>> useful here. Nor we should go and implement ndo_bridge_setlink* in all
>>>>>>>> devices that can be bridge ports.
>>>>>>> Hmm. I just think that is cleaner to implement ndo_bridge_setlink in
>>>>>>> bonding for example and let it propagate the the call to slaves.
>>>>>> No, that will require bridge attribute support in all drivers. And that is no
>>>>>> good.
>>>>> Not all drivers, just all masters which want to support this. Like bond,
>>>>> team, macvlan etc. That would be the same as for
>>>>> ndo_vlan_rx_add_vid/ndo_vlan_rx_kill_vid/ndo_change_mtu etc. I do not
>>>>> see any problem in that. It is much much clearer over big hammer iterate
>>>>> over lowers in my opinion.
>>>> You cannot avoid the lowerdev iteration in any case.
>>>> If you added it in the individual drivers: bond, macvlan and other drivers
>>>> will all have to do the same thing.
>>>> ie Call bridge setlink on lowerdevs.
>>> I feel that the right way is to let masters propagate that themselves in
>>> their code.
>> In this case no. Just because an interface is a port in a bridge, it is wrong
>> to indicate that the interface driver needs to understand all bridge port
>> configuration attributes. Note that with what you are asking for ...all
>> bridge port drivers (bonds, vxlans) will also need to implement the netdev
>> stp state update api.
> I'm very well aware of this fact. But still, I'm convinced that the way
> similar things are implemented now, using prapagation inside particular
> drivers (bond/team/etc) is the correct way to go. I do not see any
> downside in that. But we are running in circles here. I would love to
> hear opinion of other people here.

  I know you are aware of this fact ,...but just stating again here that 
we are also talking about l3 ops here.
Which don't make sense to be  in all drivers. Maybe i am being very 
conservative.

And yes, agree we are going in circles. :). and yes, would love to hear 
other opinions as well.


>
>
>>> That's it. I might be wrong of course.
>>
>>>> My patch avoids the need to modify these drivers. Besides it does this only
>>>> when the OFFLOAD flag is set.
>>> Yep, well in my reply to another patch of you series I expressed my
>>> feeling that the flag should be really checked in particular switch
>>> driver, not core. But I might be wrong there as well...
>> The bridge driver owns these attributes...and he needs to call the switchdev
>> api to offload.
>> And the condition for the switchdev api call is the offload flag. And the
>> offload flag is part of the switchdev api.
>> The drivers just set it on the netdev, they dont own the offload flag. So, I
>> don't see a reason why the core should not
>> know about the flag.
> I do not understand the formulation "own the offload flag". What I say
> is let the bridge/others to call the switchdev api unconditionally and
> let the leaf drivers handle that as they see fit, taking various facts
> into account, flags included. This way you avoid the need for flags
> inheritance in stacked scenarios. Imagine following example:
>
> bridge - bond --- eth1
>                --- eth2
>
> eth1 and eth2 are switch ports. Now eth1 has the flag set and eth2 does
> not. Should the bond have the flag set or not? And if it has, eth2 need
> to check the flag as well to do not offload.
>
> Implementing the inheritance correctly would be a small nightmare. So I
> say, why don't just let the leafs to check and decide.
Note that i wasn't really considering inheritance as the major factor in 
our argument.
If that needs to be dropped, i can consider that. But, the flag is there 
for a reason: To not unconditionally call lowerdev ndo's.
ie reduce some overhead.

And in the above case, the bond does get the flag..because it has a 
lowerdev with the feature flag.
And note that the inheritance does not come with a cost. This is all 
existing code. If i hadn't mentioned it, it would probably go unnoticed ;).

I had to just add the below patch. And existing calls to 
netdev_update_features in bridge ndo_add/del_slave takes care of 
inheriting the feature flags from the slaves.
again, i did not introduce any complexity here. The feature flag is just 
there to reduce some overhead in unnecessarily traversing all lowerdevs.


@@ -159,7 +161,8 @@ enum {
   */
  #define NETIF_F_ONE_FOR_ALL	(NETIF_F_GSO_SOFTWARE | NETIF_F_GSO_ROBUST | \
  				 NETIF_F_SG | NETIF_F_HIGHDMA |		\
-				 NETIF_F_FRAGLIST | NETIF_F_VLAN_CHALLENGED)
+				 NETIF_F_FRAGLIST | NETIF_F_VLAN_CHALLENGED | \
+				 NETIF_F_HW_NETFUNC_OFFLOAD)
  /*
   * If one device doesn't support one of these features, then disable it
   * for all in netdev_increment_features.




>
>
>> What has been accepted in the kernel currently does not help bridge driver
>> offloading to switchdev. It does help if you want to manage your switch
>> device separately like you were already doing with nics. ie going to switch
>> port driver directly. It does not help the stacked device case either.
>>
>>
>> I will resubmit my series with the checkpatch errors you pointed out.
>>
>> And, am also looking at other ways to solve the problem.
>>
>> Thanks for the review.
>>
>>
>>>> It will not stop at adding the ndo_bridge_setlink to bond/macvlan etc. It
>>>> will be all other ndo_ops we will need for switch asics.
>>>> It will be l3 tomorrow, if the route is through a bond (But at that point, we
>>>> may end up having to introduce switch device instead of going to the port.
>>>> Lets see).
>>>>
>>>> Today this patch introduces an abstract way to get to the switch driver by
>>>> getting to the slave switch port (And only when the OFFLOAD flag is set).
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>>>> Let every "upper" to handle ndo_bridge_setlink their way. Sometimes it
>>>>>>> might not make sense to propagate to "lowers".
>>>>>> This does not really propagate to lowers. It is just trying to get to a
>>>>>> switch port and from there to the switch driver.
>>>>>> Example, bond driver does not need to care if its a bridge port. It will
>>>>>> simply pass the call to its slave which
>>>>>> might be a switch port.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> bond driver does not care if its a bridge port. But the switch driver cares,
>>>>>> because it knows that the bond was created with switch ports.
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> And this allows a switch driver to receive these callbacks if it has marked
>>>>>>>> the switch port with an offload flag. Your way of using the switch port to
>>>>>>>> get to the switch driver does not help in these cases.
>>>>>>> I do not follow how this is related to this case (stacked layout).
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> The other option is to use the 'switch device (not port)' to get to the
>>>>>>>> switch driver.
>>>>>>> That would not help this case (stacked layout) I believe.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> This patch shows that you can still do this with the ndo ops.
>>>>>>>>>> +		err = netdev_switch_port_bridge_setlink(lower_dev, nlh, flags);
>>>>>>>>>> +		if (err)
>>>>>>>>>> +			ret = err;
>>>>>>>>>> +    }
>>>>>>>>>   ^^^^^ Indent is off. This should be catched by scripts/checkpatch.pl.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +	return ret;
>>>>>>>>>> +}
>>>>>>>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(netdev_switch_port_bridge_setlink);
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +/**
>>>>>>>>>> + *	netdev_switch_port_bridge_dellink - Notify switch device port of bridge
>>>>>>>>>> + *	attribute delete
>>>>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>>>>> + *	@dev: port device
>>>>>>>>>> + *	@nlh: netlink msg with bridge port attributes
>>>>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>>>>> + *	Notify switch device port of bridge port attribute delete
>>>>>>>>>> + */
>>>>>>>>>> +int netdev_switch_port_bridge_dellink(struct net_device *dev,
>>>>>>>>>> +									  struct nlmsghdr *nlh, u16 flags)
>>>>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>>>>> +	const struct net_device_ops *ops = dev->netdev_ops;
>>>>>>>>>> +	struct net_device *lower_dev;
>>>>>>>>>> +	struct list_head *iter;
>>>>>>>>>> +	int ret = 0, err = 0;
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +	if (!(dev->features & NETIF_F_HW_NETFUNC_OFFLOAD))
>>>>>>>>>> +		return err;
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +	if (ops->ndo_bridge_dellink) {
>>>>>>>>>> +		WARN_ON(!ops->ndo_switch_parent_id_get);
>>>>>>>>>> +		return ops->ndo_bridge_dellink(dev, nlh, flags);
>>>>>>>>>> +	}
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +	netdev_for_each_lower_dev(dev, lower_dev, iter) {
>>>>>>>>>> +		err = netdev_switch_port_bridge_dellink(lower_dev, nlh, flags);
>>>>>>>>>> +		if (err)
>>>>>>>>>> +			ret = err;
>>>>>>>>>> +	}
>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>> +	return ret;
>>>>>>>>>> +}
>>>>>>>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(netdev_switch_port_bridge_dellink);
>>>>>>>>>> -- 
>>>>>>>>>> 1.7.10.4
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> --
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