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Date:   Sun, 28 Apr 2019 08:10:39 -0700
From:   Eric Dumazet <>
To:     David Ahern <>,
        Networking <>
Subject: Re: About ip6_dst_destroy()

On 4/28/19 7:57 AM, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> On 4/27/19 8:22 PM, David Ahern wrote:
>> On 4/27/19 5:56 PM, Eric Dumazet wrote:
>>> David
>>> I am staring at ip6_dst_destroy() and the last part makes really no sense to me.
>>> How rcu_read_lock()/rcu_read_unnlock() can help in a writer side ???
>>> Changlog of a68886a691804d3f6d479ebf6825480fbafb6a00 ("net/ipv6: Make from in rt6_info rcu protected")
>>> does not make sense either.
>>> <quote>
>>>     There is a race window when a FIB entry is deleted and the 'from' on the
>>>     pcpu route is dropped and the pcpu route hits a cookie check. Handle
>>>     this race using rcu on from.
>>> </quote>
>> A FIB entry (fib6_info) is deleted, but resources are not cleaned up as
>> there are outstanding references to the entry. Specifically, the
>> references are the 'from' on pcpu routes. Commit (93531c6743157) added
>> code to release those references as otherwise there is nothing that
>> forces it. Further testing hit the condition noted in a68886a69180.
>> I presume you are asking about ip6_dst_destroy vs all of the other
>> 'from' references because of the fib6_info_release - which would result
>> in an underflow when it is released twice. I guess something like a
>> rmb() / wmb() pair is needed for this case.
> I do not see how rmb/wmb pair will help.
> Writers need to use a stronger synchronization between themselves. 
> This can be some spinlock, a xchg() or cmpxchg()
> The problem here is that nothing prevent ip6_dst_destroy() being called concurrently
> with another writer like fib6_drop_pcpu_from()
> fib6_drop_pcpu_from() uses &table->tb6_lock, which is not held in ip6_dst_destroy()
> I will submit a patch switching all writers to xchg()

Here is a typical trace :

BUG: KASAN: user-memory-access in atomic_dec_and_test include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:747 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: user-memory-access in fib6_info_release include/net/ip6_fib.h:294 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: user-memory-access in fib6_info_release include/net/ip6_fib.h:292 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: user-memory-access in fib6_drop_pcpu_from net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:927 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: user-memory-access in fib6_purge_rt+0x4f6/0x670 net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:960
Write of size 4 at addr 0000000000ffffb4 by task syz-executor.1/7649

CPU: 0 PID: 7649 Comm: syz-executor.1 Not tainted 5.1.0-rc6+ #183
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
 __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline]
 dump_stack+0x172/0x1f0 lib/dump_stack.c:113
 kasan_report.cold+0x5/0x40 mm/kasan/report.c:321
 check_memory_region_inline mm/kasan/generic.c:185 [inline]
 check_memory_region+0x123/0x190 mm/kasan/generic.c:191
 kasan_check_write+0x14/0x20 mm/kasan/common.c:108
 atomic_dec_and_test include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:747 [inline]
 fib6_info_release include/net/ip6_fib.h:294 [inline]
 fib6_info_release include/net/ip6_fib.h:292 [inline]
 fib6_drop_pcpu_from net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:927 [inline]
 fib6_purge_rt+0x4f6/0x670 net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:960
 fib6_del_route net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:1813 [inline]
 fib6_del+0xac2/0x10a0 net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:1844
 fib6_clean_node+0x3a8/0x590 net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:2006
 fib6_walk_continue+0x495/0x900 net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:1928
 fib6_walk+0x9d/0x100 net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:1976
 fib6_clean_tree+0xe0/0x120 net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:2055
 __fib6_clean_all+0x118/0x2a0 net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:2071
 fib6_clean_all+0x2b/0x40 net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c:2082
 rt6_sync_down_dev+0x134/0x150 net/ipv6/route.c:4057
 rt6_disable_ip+0x27/0x5f0 net/ipv6/route.c:4062
 addrconf_ifdown+0xa2/0x1220 net/ipv6/addrconf.c:3705
 addrconf_notify+0x19a/0x2260 net/ipv6/addrconf.c:3630
 notifier_call_chain+0xc7/0x240 kernel/notifier.c:93
 __raw_notifier_call_chain kernel/notifier.c:394 [inline]
 raw_notifier_call_chain+0x2e/0x40 kernel/notifier.c:401
 call_netdevice_notifiers_info+0x3f/0x90 net/core/dev.c:1753
 call_netdevice_notifiers_extack net/core/dev.c:1765 [inline]
 call_netdevice_notifiers net/core/dev.c:1779 [inline]
 dev_close_many+0x33f/0x6f0 net/core/dev.c:1522
 rollback_registered_many+0x43b/0xfd0 net/core/dev.c:8177
 rollback_registered+0x109/0x1d0 net/core/dev.c:8242
 unregister_netdevice_queue net/core/dev.c:9289 [inline]
 unregister_netdevice_queue+0x1ee/0x2c0 net/core/dev.c:9282
 unregister_netdevice include/linux/netdevice.h:2658 [inline]
 __tun_detach+0xd5b/0x1000 drivers/net/tun.c:727
 tun_detach drivers/net/tun.c:744 [inline]
 tun_chr_close+0xe0/0x180 drivers/net/tun.c:3443
 __fput+0x2e5/0x8d0 fs/file_table.c:278
 ____fput+0x16/0x20 fs/file_table.c:309
 task_work_run+0x14a/0x1c0 kernel/task_work.c:113
 exit_task_work include/linux/task_work.h:22 [inline]
 do_exit+0x90a/0x2fa0 kernel/exit.c:876
 do_group_exit+0x135/0x370 kernel/exit.c:980
 __do_sys_exit_group kernel/exit.c:991 [inline]
 __se_sys_exit_group kernel/exit.c:989 [inline]
 __x64_sys_exit_group+0x44/0x50 kernel/exit.c:989
 do_syscall_64+0x103/0x610 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
RIP: 0033:0x458da9
Code: ad b8 fb ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 66 90 48 89 f8 48 89 f7 48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 0f 83 7b b8 fb ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00
RSP: 002b:00007ffeafc2a6a8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000e7
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 000000000000001c RCX: 0000000000458da9
RDX: 0000000000412a80 RSI: 0000000000a54ef0 RDI: 0000000000000043
RBP: 00000000004be552 R08: 000000000000000c R09: 000000000004c0d1
R10: 0000000002341940 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00000000ffffffff
R13: 00007ffeafc2a7f0 R14: 000000000004c065 R15: 00007ffeafc2a800

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