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Date:   Sun, 5 May 2019 17:09:36 +0800
From:   Jason Wang <>
To:     Cong Wang <>
Cc:     "weiyongjun (A)" <>,
        yuehaibing <>,
        David Miller <>,
        Eric Dumazet <>,
        Jesper Dangaard Brouer <>,
        "Michael S. Tsirkin" <>,
        "Li,Rongqing" <>,
        nicolas dichtel <>,
        Chas Williams <>,,
        LKML <>,
        Linux Kernel Network Developers <>,
        Peter Xu <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] tun: Fix use-after-free in tun_net_xmit

On 2019/4/30 上午12:38, Cong Wang wrote:
> On Sun, Apr 28, 2019 at 7:23 PM Jason Wang <> wrote:
>> On 2019/4/29 上午1:59, Cong Wang wrote:
>>> On Sun, Apr 28, 2019 at 12:51 AM Jason Wang <> wrote:
>>>>> tun_net_xmit() doesn't have the chance to
>>>>> access the change because it holding the rcu_read_lock().
>>>> The problem is the following codes:
>>>>           --tun->numqueues;
>>>>           ...
>>>>           synchronize_net();
>>>> We need make sure the decrement of tun->numqueues be visible to readers
>>>> after synchronize_net(). And in tun_net_xmit():
>>> It doesn't matter at all. Readers are okay to read it even they still use the
>>> stale tun->numqueues, as long as the tfile is not freed readers can read
>>> whatever they want...
>> This is only true if we set SOCK_RCU_FREE, isn't it?
> Sure, this is how RCU is supposed to work.
>>> The decrement of tun->numqueues is just how we unpublish the old
>>> tfile, it is still valid for readers to read it _after_ unpublish, we only need
>>> to worry about free, not about unpublish. This is the whole spirit of RCU.
>> The point is we don't convert tun->numqueues to RCU but use
>> synchronize_net().
> Why tun->numqueues needs RCU? It is an integer, and reading a stale
> value is _perfectly_ fine.

I meant we don't want e.g tun_net_xmit() to see the stale value after 
synchronize_net() in __tun_detach(), since it has various other steps 
with the assumption that no tfile dereference from data path. E.g one 
example is XDP rxq information un-registering which looks racy in the 
case of XDP_TX.

> If you actually meant to say tun->tfiles[] itself, no, it is a fixed-size array,
> it doesn't shrink or grow, so we don't need RCU for it. This is also why
> a stale tun->numqueues is fine, as long as it never goes out-of-bound.

We do kind of shrinking or growing through tun->numqueues. That's why we 
check against it in various places. But, of course this is buggy.

>>> You need to rethink about my SOCK_RCU_FREE patch.
>> The code is wrote before SOCK_RCU_FREE is introduced and assume no
>> de-reference from device after synchronize_net(). It doesn't harm to
>> figure out the root cause which may give us more confidence to the fix
>> (e.g like SOCK_RCU_FREE).
> I believe SOCK_RCU_FREE is the fix for the root cause, not just a
> cover-up.
>> I don't object to fix with SOCK_RCU_FREE, but then we should remove
>> the redundant synchronize_net(). But I still prefer to synchronize
>> everything explicitly like (completely untested):
> I agree that synchronize_net() can be removed. However I don't
> understand your untested patch at all, it looks like to fix a completely
> different problem rather than this use-after-free.

As has been mentioned, the problem of current code is that we still 
leave pointers  to freed tfile in tfiles[] array in __tun_detach() and 
the check with tun->numqueues seems racy. So the patch just NULL out the 
detached tfile pointers and make sure no it can not be dereferenced from 
tfile after synchronize_net() by dereferencing tfile instead of checking 
tun->numqueues .


> Thanks.

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