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Date:   Mon, 23 Sep 2019 10:05:29 -0600
From:   Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@...hat.com>
To:     Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>
Cc:     kvm@...r.kernel.org, linux-s390@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, dri-devel@...ts.freedesktop.org,
        intel-gfx@...ts.freedesktop.org,
        intel-gvt-dev@...ts.freedesktop.org, kwankhede@...dia.com,
        mst@...hat.com, tiwei.bie@...el.com,
        virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        cohuck@...hat.com, maxime.coquelin@...hat.com,
        cunming.liang@...el.com, zhihong.wang@...el.com,
        rob.miller@...adcom.com, xiao.w.wang@...el.com,
        haotian.wang@...ive.com, zhenyuw@...ux.intel.com,
        zhi.a.wang@...el.com, jani.nikula@...ux.intel.com,
        joonas.lahtinen@...ux.intel.com, rodrigo.vivi@...el.com,
        airlied@...ux.ie, daniel@...ll.ch, farman@...ux.ibm.com,
        pasic@...ux.ibm.com, sebott@...ux.ibm.com, oberpar@...ux.ibm.com,
        heiko.carstens@...ibm.com, gor@...ux.ibm.com,
        borntraeger@...ibm.com, akrowiak@...ux.ibm.com,
        freude@...ux.ibm.com, lingshan.zhu@...el.com, idos@...lanox.com,
        eperezma@...hat.com, lulu@...hat.com, parav@...lanox.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/6] mdev: class id support

On Mon, 23 Sep 2019 21:03:26 +0800
Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com> wrote:

> Mdev bus only supports vfio driver right now, so it doesn't implement
> match method. But in the future, we may add drivers other than vfio,
> one example is virtio-mdev[1] driver. This means we need to add device
> class id support in bus match method to pair the mdev device and mdev
> driver correctly.
> 
> So this patch adds id_table to mdev_driver and class_id for mdev
> parent with the match method for mdev bus.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/driver-api/vfio-mediated-device.rst |  7 +++++--
>  drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/kvmgt.c                  |  2 +-
>  drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_ops.c                   |  2 +-
>  drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c                 |  3 ++-
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c                     | 14 ++++++++++++--
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c                   | 14 ++++++++++++++
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h                  |  1 +
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c                     |  6 ++++++
>  include/linux/mdev.h                              |  7 ++++++-
>  include/linux/mod_devicetable.h                   |  8 ++++++++
>  samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c                        |  2 +-
>  samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c                          |  2 +-
>  samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c                          |  2 +-
>  13 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/vfio-mediated-device.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/vfio-mediated-device.rst
> index 25eb7d5b834b..0e052072e1d8 100644
> --- a/Documentation/driver-api/vfio-mediated-device.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/driver-api/vfio-mediated-device.rst
> @@ -102,12 +102,14 @@ structure to represent a mediated device's driver::
>        * @probe: called when new device created
>        * @remove: called when device removed
>        * @driver: device driver structure
> +      * @id_table: the ids serviced by this driver.
>        */
>       struct mdev_driver {
>  	     const char *name;
>  	     int  (*probe)  (struct device *dev);
>  	     void (*remove) (struct device *dev);
>  	     struct device_driver    driver;
> +	     const struct mdev_class_id *id_table;
>       };
>  
>  A mediated bus driver for mdev should use this structure in the function calls
> @@ -116,7 +118,7 @@ to register and unregister itself with the core driver:
>  * Register::
>  
>      extern int  mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv,
> -				   struct module *owner);
> +                                     struct module *owner);
>  
>  * Unregister::
>  
> @@ -163,7 +165,8 @@ A driver should use the mdev_parent_ops structure in the function call to
>  register itself with the mdev core driver::
>  
>  	extern int  mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
> -	                                 const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops);
> +	                                 const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops,
> +	                                 u8 class_id);
>  
>  However, the mdev_parent_ops structure is not required in the function call
>  that a driver should use to unregister itself with the mdev core driver::
> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/kvmgt.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/kvmgt.c
> index 23aa3e50cbf8..19d51a35f019 100644
> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/kvmgt.c
> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/kvmgt.c
> @@ -1625,7 +1625,7 @@ static int kvmgt_host_init(struct device *dev, void *gvt, const void *ops)
>  		return -EFAULT;
>  	intel_vgpu_ops.supported_type_groups = kvm_vgpu_type_groups;
>  
> -	return mdev_register_device(dev, &intel_vgpu_ops);
> +	return mdev_register_vfio_device(dev, &intel_vgpu_ops);
>  }
>  
>  static void kvmgt_host_exit(struct device *dev)
> diff --git a/drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_ops.c b/drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_ops.c
> index f0d71ab77c50..246ff0f80944 100644
> --- a/drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_ops.c
> +++ b/drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_ops.c
> @@ -588,7 +588,7 @@ static const struct mdev_parent_ops vfio_ccw_mdev_ops = {
>  
>  int vfio_ccw_mdev_reg(struct subchannel *sch)
>  {
> -	return mdev_register_device(&sch->dev, &vfio_ccw_mdev_ops);
> +	return mdev_register_vfio_device(&sch->dev, &vfio_ccw_mdev_ops);
>  }
>  
>  void vfio_ccw_mdev_unreg(struct subchannel *sch)
> diff --git a/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c b/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c
> index 5c0f53c6dde7..7487fc39d2c5 100644
> --- a/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c
> +++ b/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c
> @@ -1295,7 +1295,8 @@ int vfio_ap_mdev_register(void)
>  {
>  	atomic_set(&matrix_dev->available_instances, MAX_ZDEV_ENTRIES_EXT);
>  
> -	return mdev_register_device(&matrix_dev->device, &vfio_ap_matrix_ops);
> +	return mdev_register_vfio_device(&matrix_dev->device,
> +					 &vfio_ap_matrix_ops);
>  }
>  
>  void vfio_ap_mdev_unregister(void)
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> index b558d4cfd082..a02c256a3514 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> @@ -135,11 +135,14 @@ static int mdev_device_remove_cb(struct device *dev, void *data)
>   * mdev_register_device : Register a device
>   * @dev: device structure representing parent device.
>   * @ops: Parent device operation structure to be registered.
> + * @id: device id.
>   *
>   * Add device to list of registered parent devices.
>   * Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0.
>   */
> -int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev, const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops)
> +int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
> +			 const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops,
> +			 u8 class_id)
>  {
>  	int ret;
>  	struct mdev_parent *parent;
> @@ -175,6 +178,7 @@ int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev, const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops)
>  
>  	parent->dev = dev;
>  	parent->ops = ops;
> +	parent->class_id = class_id;
>  

I don't think we want to tie the class_id to the parent.  mdev parent
devices can create various types of devices, some might be virtio, some
might be vfio.  I think the cover letter even suggests that's a
direction these virtio devices might be headed.  It seems the class
should be on the resulting device itself.  That also suggests that at
the parent we cannot have a single device_ops, the ops used will depend
on the type of device created.  Perhaps that means we need vfio_ops
alongside virtio_ops, rather than a common device_ops.  Thanks,

Alex


>  	if (!mdev_bus_compat_class) {
>  		mdev_bus_compat_class = class_compat_register("mdev_bus");
> @@ -208,7 +212,13 @@ int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev, const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops)
>  		put_device(dev);
>  	return ret;
>  }
> -EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_register_device);
> +
> +int mdev_register_vfio_device(struct device *dev,
> +			      const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops)
> +{
> +	return mdev_register_device(dev, ops, MDEV_ID_VFIO);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_register_vfio_device);
>  
>  /*
>   * mdev_unregister_device : Unregister a parent device
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
> index 0d3223aee20b..b70bbebc9dd3 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
> @@ -69,8 +69,22 @@ static int mdev_remove(struct device *dev)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +static int mdev_match(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
> +{
> +	unsigned int i;
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
> +	struct mdev_driver *mdrv = to_mdev_driver(drv);
> +	const struct mdev_class_id *ids = mdrv->id_table;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; ids[i].id; i++)
> +		if (ids[i].id == mdev->parent->class_id)
> +			return 1;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>  struct bus_type mdev_bus_type = {
>  	.name		= "mdev",
> +	.match		= mdev_match,
>  	.probe		= mdev_probe,
>  	.remove		= mdev_remove,
>  };
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> index 7d922950caaf..e58b07c866b1 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> @@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ struct mdev_parent {
>  	struct list_head type_list;
>  	/* Synchronize device creation/removal with parent unregistration */
>  	struct rw_semaphore unreg_sem;
> +	u8 class_id;
>  };
>  
>  struct mdev_device {
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
> index 30964a4e0a28..fd2a4d9a3f26 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
> @@ -120,10 +120,16 @@ static void vfio_mdev_remove(struct device *dev)
>  	vfio_del_group_dev(dev);
>  }
>  
> +static struct mdev_class_id id_table[] = {
> +	{ MDEV_ID_VFIO },
> +	{ 0 },
> +};
> +
>  static struct mdev_driver vfio_mdev_driver = {
>  	.name	= "vfio_mdev",
>  	.probe	= vfio_mdev_probe,
>  	.remove	= vfio_mdev_remove,
> +	.id_table = id_table,
>  };
>  
>  static int __init vfio_mdev_init(void)
> diff --git a/include/linux/mdev.h b/include/linux/mdev.h
> index 0ce30ca78db0..3ebae310f599 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mdev.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mdev.h
> @@ -118,6 +118,7 @@ struct mdev_type_attribute mdev_type_attr_##_name =		\
>   * @probe: called when new device created
>   * @remove: called when device removed
>   * @driver: device driver structure
> + * @id_table: the ids serviced by this driver.
>   *
>   **/
>  struct mdev_driver {
> @@ -125,6 +126,7 @@ struct mdev_driver {
>  	int  (*probe)(struct device *dev);
>  	void (*remove)(struct device *dev);
>  	struct device_driver driver;
> +	const struct mdev_class_id *id_table;
>  };
>  
>  #define to_mdev_driver(drv)	container_of(drv, struct mdev_driver, driver)
> @@ -135,7 +137,8 @@ const guid_t *mdev_uuid(struct mdev_device *mdev);
>  
>  extern struct bus_type mdev_bus_type;
>  
> -int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev, const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops);
> +int mdev_register_vfio_device(struct device *dev,
> +			      const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops);
>  void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev);
>  
>  int mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv, struct module *owner);
> @@ -145,4 +148,6 @@ struct device *mdev_parent_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev);
>  struct device *mdev_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev);
>  struct mdev_device *mdev_from_dev(struct device *dev);
>  
> +#define MDEV_ID_VFIO 1 /* VFIO device */
> +
>  #endif /* MDEV_H */
> diff --git a/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h b/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h
> index 5714fd35a83c..f32c6e44fb1a 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h
> @@ -821,4 +821,12 @@ struct wmi_device_id {
>  	const void *context;
>  };
>  
> +/**
> + * struct mdev_class_id - MDEV device class identifier
> + * @id: Used to identify a specific class of device, e.g vfio-mdev device.
> + */
> +struct mdev_class_id {
> +	__u16 id;
> +};
> +
>  #endif /* LINUX_MOD_DEVICETABLE_H */
> diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c
> index ac5c8c17b1ff..71a4469be85d 100644
> --- a/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c
> +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c
> @@ -1468,7 +1468,7 @@ static int __init mbochs_dev_init(void)
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto failed2;
>  
> -	ret = mdev_register_device(&mbochs_dev, &mdev_fops);
> +	ret = mdev_register_vfio_device(&mbochs_dev, &mdev_fops);
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto failed3;
>  
> diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c
> index cc86bf6566e4..d3029dd27d91 100644
> --- a/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c
> +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c
> @@ -775,7 +775,7 @@ static int __init mdpy_dev_init(void)
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto failed2;
>  
> -	ret = mdev_register_device(&mdpy_dev, &mdev_fops);
> +	ret = mdev_register_vfio_device(&mdpy_dev, &mdev_fops);
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto failed3;
>  
> diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
> index 92e770a06ea2..744c88a6b22c 100644
> --- a/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
> +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
> @@ -1468,7 +1468,7 @@ static int __init mtty_dev_init(void)
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto failed2;
>  
> -	ret = mdev_register_device(&mtty_dev.dev, &mdev_fops);
> +	ret = mdev_register_vfio_device(&mtty_dev.dev, &mdev_fops);
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto failed3;
>  

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