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Date:   Thu,  6 Feb 2020 21:29:49 +0100
From:   Matteo Croce <mcroce@...hat.com>
To:     netdev@...r.kernel.org, dev@...nvswitch.org
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Pravin B Shelar <pshelar@....org>,
        "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Bindiya Kurle <bindiyakurle@...il.com>,
        Simon Horman <simon.horman@...ronome.com>,
        Ben Pfaff <blp@....org>,
        Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@...ulusnetworks.com>,
        Nicolas Dichtel <nicolas.dichtel@...nd.com>,
        Jeremy Harris <jgh@...hat.com>
Subject: [PATCH net-next v4] openvswitch: add TTL decrement action

New action to decrement TTL instead of setting it to a fixed value.
This action will decrement the TTL and, in case of expired TTL, drop it
or execute an action passed via a nested attribute.
The default TTL expired action is to drop the packet.

Supports both IPv4 and IPv6 via the ttl and hop_limit fields, respectively.

Tested with a corresponding change in the userspace:

    # ovs-dpctl dump-flows
    in_port(2),eth(),eth_type(0x0800), packets:0, bytes:0, used:never, actions:dec_ttl{ttl<=1 action:(drop)},1
    in_port(1),eth(),eth_type(0x0800), packets:0, bytes:0, used:never, actions:dec_ttl{ttl<=1 action:(drop)},2
    in_port(1),eth(),eth_type(0x0806), packets:0, bytes:0, used:never, actions:2
    in_port(2),eth(),eth_type(0x0806), packets:0, bytes:0, used:never, actions:1

    # ping -c1 192.168.0.2 -t 42
    IP (tos 0x0, ttl 41, id 61647, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84)
        192.168.0.1 > 192.168.0.2: ICMP echo request, id 386, seq 1, length 64
    # ping -c1 192.168.0.2 -t 120
    IP (tos 0x0, ttl 119, id 62070, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84)
        192.168.0.1 > 192.168.0.2: ICMP echo request, id 388, seq 1, length 64
    # ping -c1 192.168.0.2 -t 1
    #

Co-developed-by: Bindiya Kurle <bindiyakurle@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Bindiya Kurle <bindiyakurle@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Matteo Croce <mcroce@...hat.com>
---
 include/uapi/linux/openvswitch.h |  7 ++++
 net/openvswitch/actions.c        | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 net/openvswitch/flow_netlink.c   | 70 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 144 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/openvswitch.h b/include/uapi/linux/openvswitch.h
index ae2bff14e7e1..9b14519e74d9 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/openvswitch.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/openvswitch.h
@@ -958,6 +958,7 @@ enum ovs_action_attr {
 	OVS_ACTION_ATTR_CLONE,        /* Nested OVS_CLONE_ATTR_*.  */
 	OVS_ACTION_ATTR_CHECK_PKT_LEN, /* Nested OVS_CHECK_PKT_LEN_ATTR_*. */
 	OVS_ACTION_ATTR_ADD_MPLS,     /* struct ovs_action_add_mpls. */
+	OVS_ACTION_ATTR_DEC_TTL,      /* Nested OVS_DEC_TTL_ATTR_*. */
 
 	__OVS_ACTION_ATTR_MAX,	      /* Nothing past this will be accepted
 				       * from userspace. */
@@ -1050,4 +1051,10 @@ struct ovs_zone_limit {
 	__u32 count;
 };
 
+enum ovs_dec_ttl_attr {
+	OVS_DEC_TTL_ATTR_UNSPEC,
+	OVS_DEC_TTL_ATTR_ACTION,	/* Nested struct nlattr */
+	__OVS_DEC_TTL_ATTR_MAX
+};
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_OPENVSWITCH_H */
diff --git a/net/openvswitch/actions.c b/net/openvswitch/actions.c
index 7fbfe2adfffa..fc0efd8833c8 100644
--- a/net/openvswitch/actions.c
+++ b/net/openvswitch/actions.c
@@ -964,6 +964,25 @@ static int output_userspace(struct datapath *dp, struct sk_buff *skb,
 	return ovs_dp_upcall(dp, skb, key, &upcall, cutlen);
 }
 
+static int dec_ttl_exception_handler(struct datapath *dp, struct sk_buff *skb,
+				     struct sw_flow_key *key,
+				     const struct nlattr *attr, bool last)
+{
+	/* The first action is always 'OVS_DEC_TTL_ATTR_ARG'. */
+	struct nlattr *dec_ttl_arg = nla_data(attr);
+	int rem = nla_len(attr);
+
+	if (nla_len(dec_ttl_arg)) {
+		struct nlattr *actions = nla_next(dec_ttl_arg, &rem);
+
+		if (actions)
+			return clone_execute(dp, skb, key, 0, actions, rem,
+					     last, false);
+	}
+	consume_skb(skb);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /* When 'last' is true, sample() should always consume the 'skb'.
  * Otherwise, sample() should keep 'skb' intact regardless what
  * actions are executed within sample().
@@ -1180,6 +1199,45 @@ static int execute_check_pkt_len(struct datapath *dp, struct sk_buff *skb,
 			     nla_len(actions), last, clone_flow_key);
 }
 
+static int execute_dec_ttl(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sw_flow_key *key)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IPV6)) {
+		struct ipv6hdr *nh;
+
+		err = skb_ensure_writable(skb, skb_network_offset(skb) +
+					  sizeof(*nh));
+		if (unlikely(err))
+			return err;
+
+		nh = ipv6_hdr(skb);
+
+		if (nh->hop_limit <= 1)
+			return -EHOSTUNREACH;
+
+		key->ip.ttl = --nh->hop_limit;
+	} else {
+		struct iphdr *nh;
+		u8 old_ttl;
+
+		err = skb_ensure_writable(skb, skb_network_offset(skb) +
+					  sizeof(*nh));
+		if (unlikely(err))
+			return err;
+
+		nh = ip_hdr(skb);
+		if (nh->ttl <= 1)
+			return -EHOSTUNREACH;
+
+		old_ttl = nh->ttl--;
+		csum_replace2(&nh->check, htons(old_ttl << 8),
+			      htons(nh->ttl << 8));
+		key->ip.ttl = nh->ttl;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /* Execute a list of actions against 'skb'. */
 static int do_execute_actions(struct datapath *dp, struct sk_buff *skb,
 			      struct sw_flow_key *key,
@@ -1365,6 +1423,15 @@ static int do_execute_actions(struct datapath *dp, struct sk_buff *skb,
 
 			break;
 		}
+
+		case OVS_ACTION_ATTR_DEC_TTL:
+			err = execute_dec_ttl(skb, key);
+			if (err == -EHOSTUNREACH) {
+				err = dec_ttl_exception_handler(dp, skb, key,
+								a, true);
+				return err;
+			}
+			break;
 		}
 
 		if (unlikely(err)) {
diff --git a/net/openvswitch/flow_netlink.c b/net/openvswitch/flow_netlink.c
index 7da4230627f5..2bb05700ee5c 100644
--- a/net/openvswitch/flow_netlink.c
+++ b/net/openvswitch/flow_netlink.c
@@ -80,6 +80,7 @@ static bool actions_may_change_flow(const struct nlattr *actions)
 		case OVS_ACTION_ATTR_METER:
 		case OVS_ACTION_ATTR_CHECK_PKT_LEN:
 		case OVS_ACTION_ATTR_ADD_MPLS:
+		case OVS_ACTION_ATTR_DEC_TTL:
 		default:
 			return true;
 		}
@@ -2495,6 +2496,39 @@ static int validate_and_copy_sample(struct net *net, const struct nlattr *attr,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int validate_and_copy_dec_ttl(struct net *net,
+				     const struct nlattr *attr,
+				     const struct sw_flow_key *key,
+				     struct sw_flow_actions **sfa,
+				     __be16 eth_type, __be16 vlan_tci,
+				     u32 mpls_label_count, bool log)
+{
+	int start, err;
+	u32 nested = true;
+
+	if (!nla_len(attr))
+		return ovs_nla_add_action(sfa, OVS_ACTION_ATTR_DEC_TTL,
+					  NULL, 0, log);
+
+	start = add_nested_action_start(sfa, OVS_ACTION_ATTR_DEC_TTL, log);
+	if (start < 0)
+		return start;
+
+	err = ovs_nla_add_action(sfa, OVS_DEC_TTL_ATTR_ACTION, &nested,
+				 sizeof(nested), log);
+
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	err = __ovs_nla_copy_actions(net, attr, key, sfa, eth_type,
+					vlan_tci, mpls_label_count, log);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	add_nested_action_end(*sfa, start);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int validate_and_copy_clone(struct net *net,
 				   const struct nlattr *attr,
 				   const struct sw_flow_key *key,
@@ -3007,6 +3041,7 @@ static int __ovs_nla_copy_actions(struct net *net, const struct nlattr *attr,
 			[OVS_ACTION_ATTR_CLONE] = (u32)-1,
 			[OVS_ACTION_ATTR_CHECK_PKT_LEN] = (u32)-1,
 			[OVS_ACTION_ATTR_ADD_MPLS] = sizeof(struct ovs_action_add_mpls),
+			[OVS_ACTION_ATTR_DEC_TTL] = (u32)-1,
 		};
 		const struct ovs_action_push_vlan *vlan;
 		int type = nla_type(a);
@@ -3267,6 +3302,15 @@ static int __ovs_nla_copy_actions(struct net *net, const struct nlattr *attr,
 			break;
 		}
 
+		case OVS_ACTION_ATTR_DEC_TTL:
+			err = validate_and_copy_dec_ttl(net, a, key, sfa,
+							eth_type, vlan_tci,
+							mpls_label_count, log);
+			if (err)
+				return err;
+			skip_copy = true;
+			break;
+
 		default:
 			OVS_NLERR(log, "Unknown Action type %d", type);
 			return -EINVAL;
@@ -3438,6 +3482,26 @@ static int check_pkt_len_action_to_attr(const struct nlattr *attr,
 	return err;
 }
 
+static int dec_ttl_action_to_attr(const struct nlattr *attr,
+				  struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	int err = 0, rem = nla_len(attr);
+	struct nlattr *start;
+
+	start = nla_nest_start_noflag(skb, OVS_ACTION_ATTR_DEC_TTL);
+
+	if (!start)
+		return -EMSGSIZE;
+
+	err = ovs_nla_put_actions(nla_data(attr), rem, skb);
+	if (err)
+		nla_nest_cancel(skb, start);
+	else
+		nla_nest_end(skb, start);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
 static int set_action_to_attr(const struct nlattr *a, struct sk_buff *skb)
 {
 	const struct nlattr *ovs_key = nla_data(a);
@@ -3538,6 +3602,12 @@ int ovs_nla_put_actions(const struct nlattr *attr, int len, struct sk_buff *skb)
 				return err;
 			break;
 
+		case OVS_ACTION_ATTR_DEC_TTL:
+			err = dec_ttl_action_to_attr(a, skb);
+			if (err)
+				return err;
+			break;
+
 		default:
 			if (nla_put(skb, type, nla_len(a), nla_data(a)))
 				return -EMSGSIZE;
-- 
2.24.1

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