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Date:   Mon, 11 May 2020 11:22:31 +0530
From:   Calvin Johnson <calvin.johnson@....nxp.com>
To:     Andrew Lunn <andrew@...n.ch>
Cc:     Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@....com>,
        Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@...il.com>,
        "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rafael@...nel.org>,
        Russell King - ARM Linux admin <linux@...linux.org.uk>,
        linux.cj@...il.com, Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@...il.com>,
        Cristi Sovaiala <cristian.sovaiala@....com>,
        Florin Laurentiu Chiculita <florinlaurentiu.chiculita@....com>,
        Ioana Ciornei <ioana.ciornei@....com>,
        Madalin Bucur <madalin.bucur@....nxp.com>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Heikki Krogerus <heikki.krogerus@...ux.intel.com>,
        Varun Sethi <V.Sethi@....com>,
        "Rajesh V . Bikkina" <rajesh.bikkina@....com>,
        ACPI Devel Maling List <linux-acpi@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Diana Madalina Craciun <diana.craciun@....com>,
        netdev <netdev@...r.kernel.org>, Marcin Wojtas <mw@...ihalf.com>,
        Laurentiu Tudor <laurentiu.tudor@....com>,
        Makarand Pawagi <makarand.pawagi@....com>,
        linux-arm Mailing List <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        Pankaj Bansal <pankaj.bansal@....com>,
        "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Heiner Kallweit <hkallweit1@...il.com>
Subject: Re: [net-next PATCH v3 4/5] net: phy: Introduce fwnode_get_phy_id()

Thanks Andrew and Jeremy for the detailed discussion!

On Fri, May 08, 2020 at 08:13:01PM +0200, Andrew Lunn wrote:
> > > It does have a numeric version defined for EISA types. OTOH I suspect that
> > > your right. If there were a "PHY\VEN_IDvvvv&ID_DDDD" definition, it may not
> > > be ideal to parse it. Instead the normal ACPI model of exactly matching the
> > > complete string in the phy driver might be more appropriate.
> > 
> > IMO, it should be fine to parse the string to extract the phy_id. Is there any
> > reason why we cannot do this?
> 
> Some background here, about what the PHY core does.
> 
> PHYs have two ID registers. This contains vendor, device, and often
> revision of the PHY. Only the vendor part is standardised, vendors can
> decide how to use the device part, but it is common for the lowest
> nibble to be revision. The core will read these ID registers, and then
> go through all the PHY drivers registered and ask them if they support
> this ID. The drivers provide a table of IDs and masks. The mask is
> applied, and then if the ID matches, the driver is used. The mask
> allows the revision to be ignored, etc.
> 
> There is a very small number of devices where the vendor messed up,
> and did not put valid contents in the ID registers. In such cases, we
> can read the IDs from device tree. These are then used in exactly the
> same way as if they were read from the device.
> 
> If you want the ACPI model to be used, an exact match on the string,
> you are going to have to modify the core and the drivers. They
> currently don't have any string, and have no idea about different
> revisions which are out in the wild.

I don't think ACPI mandates that OS driver use exact string match and not parse
the string.

First of all, I would suggest that we use "compatible" property instead of _CID.
Not sure of a reason why we cannot. This will simplify implementation of fwnode
APIs.

Already I've pointed out couple of ASL files in tianocore where they are already
used.
one eg:https://github.com/tianocore/edk2-platforms/blob/master/Silicon/Marvell/Armada7k8k/AcpiTables/Armada80x0McBin/Dsdt.asl#L280

Even if we use _CID, I'm not sure we are prohibited from extracting characters
(phy_id) from it.
If we decide to use _CID, then we need to define somewhere and standardize
exactly how we are going to use it. I'm not sure where we can do this.

> 
> > > Similarly to how I suspect the next patch's use of "compatible" isn't ideal
> > > either, because whether a device is c45 or not, should tend to be fixed to a
> > > particular vendor/device implementation and not a firmware provided
> > > property.
> 
> Not exactly true. It is the combination of can the bus master do C45
> and can the device do C45. Unfortunately, we have no knowledge of the
> bus masters capabilities, if it can do C45. And many MDIO drivers will
> do a C22 transaction when asked to perform a C45 transaction. All new
> submissions for MDIO drivers i ask for EOPNOTSUPP to be returned if
> C45 is not supported. But we cannot rely on that. Too much history.

Makes sense to me.

> > 
> > I tend to agree with you on this. Even for DT, ideal case, IMO should be:
> > 
> > 1) mdiobus_scan scans the mdiobus for c22 devices by reading phy id from
> > registers 2 and 3
> > 2) if not found scan for c45 devices <= looks like this is missing in Linux
> > 3) look for phy_id from compatible string.
> 
> It is somewhat more complex, in that there are a small number of
> devices which will respond to both C22 and C45. Generally, you want to
> use C45 if supported. So you would want to do the C45 scan first. But
> then the earlier problem comes to play, you have no idea if the bus
> master actually correctly supports C45.
> 
> Given the issues, we assume all bus masters and PHY devices are C22
> unless DT says the bus master and PHY combination is compatible with
> C45.

Makes sense to me.

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