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Date:   Tue, 12 May 2020 09:43:34 +0200
From:   Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@...ux-m68k.org>
To:     Jerome Pouiller <Jerome.Pouiller@...abs.com>
Cc:     driverdevel <devel@...verdev.osuosl.org>,
        linux-wireless <linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org>,
        netdev <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Kalle Valo <kvalo@...eaurora.org>,
        "David S . Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 13/17] staging: wfx: fix endianness of the field 'len'

Hi Jerome,

On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 5:53 PM Jerome Pouiller
<Jerome.Pouiller@...abs.com> wrote:
> From: Jérôme Pouiller <jerome.pouiller@...abs.com>
>
> The struct hif_msg is received from the hardware. So, it declared as
> little endian. However, it is also accessed from many places in the
> driver. Sparse complains about that:
>
>     drivers/staging/wfx/bh.c:88:32: warning: restricted __le16 degrades to integer
>     drivers/staging/wfx/bh.c:88:32: warning: restricted __le16 degrades to integer
>     drivers/staging/wfx/bh.c:93:32: warning: restricted __le16 degrades to integer
>     drivers/staging/wfx/bh.c:93:32: warning: cast to restricted __le16
>     drivers/staging/wfx/bh.c:93:32: warning: restricted __le16 degrades to integer
>     drivers/staging/wfx/bh.c:121:25: warning: incorrect type in argument 2 (different base types)
>     drivers/staging/wfx/bh.c:121:25:    expected unsigned int len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/bh.c:121:25:    got restricted __le16 [usertype] len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/hif_rx.c:27:22: warning: restricted __le16 degrades to integer
>     drivers/staging/wfx/hif_rx.c:347:39: warning: incorrect type in argument 7 (different base types)
>     drivers/staging/wfx/hif_rx.c:347:39:    expected unsigned int [usertype] len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/hif_rx.c:347:39:    got restricted __le16 const [usertype] len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/hif_rx.c:365:39: warning: incorrect type in argument 7 (different base types)
>     drivers/staging/wfx/hif_rx.c:365:39:    expected unsigned int [usertype] len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/hif_rx.c:365:39:    got restricted __le16 const [usertype] len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/./traces.h:195:1: warning: incorrect type in assignment (different base types)
>     drivers/staging/wfx/./traces.h:195:1:    expected int msg_len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/./traces.h:195:1:    got restricted __le16 const [usertype] len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/./traces.h:195:1: warning: incorrect type in assignment (different base types)
>     drivers/staging/wfx/./traces.h:195:1:    expected int msg_len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/./traces.h:195:1:    got restricted __le16 const [usertype] len
>     drivers/staging/wfx/debug.c:319:20: warning: restricted __le16 degrades to integer
>     drivers/staging/wfx/secure_link.c:85:27: warning: restricted __le16 degrades to integer
>     drivers/staging/wfx/secure_link.c:85:27: warning: restricted __le16 degrades to integer

Thanks for your patch!

> In order to make Sparse happy and to keep access from the driver easy,
> this patch declare 'len' with native endianness.
>
> On reception of hardware data, this patch takes care to do byte-swap and
> keep Sparse happy.

Which means sparse can no longer do any checking on the field,
and new bugs may/will creep in in the future, unnoticed.

> --- a/drivers/staging/wfx/hif_api_general.h
> +++ b/drivers/staging/wfx/hif_api_general.h
> @@ -23,7 +23,10 @@
>  #define HIF_COUNTER_MAX           7
>
>  struct hif_msg {
> -       __le16 len;
> +       // len is in fact little endian. However, it is widely used in the
> +       // driver, so we declare it in native byte order and we reorder just
> +       // before/after send/receive it (see bh.c).
> +       u16    len;

While there's a small penalty associated with always doing the conversion
on big-endian platforms, it will probably be lost in the noise anyway.

Gr{oetje,eeting}s,

                        Geert

-- 
Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 -- geert@...ux-m68k.org

In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
                                -- Linus Torvalds

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