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Date:   Thu, 28 May 2020 15:30:57 +0200
From:   Jakub Sitnicki <jakub@...udflare.com>
To:     bpf@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     netdev@...r.kernel.org, kernel-team@...udflare.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next 5/8] bpf: Add link-based BPF program attachment to network namespace

On Wed, May 27, 2020 at 07:08 PM CEST, Jakub Sitnicki wrote:
> Add support for bpf() syscall subcommands that operate on
> bpf_link (LINK_CREATE, LINK_UPDATE, OBJ_GET_INFO) for attach points tied to
> network namespaces (that is flow dissector at the moment).
>
> Link-based and prog-based attachment can be used interchangeably, but only
> one can be in use at a time. Attempts to attach a link when a prog is
> already attached directly, and the other way around, will be met with
> -EBUSY.
>
> Attachment of multiple links of same attach type to one netns is not
> supported, with the intention to lift it when a use-case presents
> itself. Because of that attempts to create a netns link, when one already
> exists result in -E2BIG error, signifying that there is no space left for
> another attachment.
>
> Link-based attachments to netns don't keep a netns alive by holding a ref
> to it. Instead links get auto-detached from netns when the latter is being
> destroyed by a pernet pre_exit callback.
>
> When auto-detached, link lives in defunct state as long there are open FDs
> for it. -ENOLINK is returned if a user tries to update a defunct link.
>
> Because bpf_link to netns doesn't hold a ref to struct net, special care is
> taken when releasing the link. The netns might be getting torn down when
> the release function tries to access it to detach the link.
>
> To ensure the struct net object is alive when release function accesses it
> we rely on the fact that cleanup_net(), struct net destructor, calls
> synchronize_rcu() after invoking pre_exit callbacks. If auto-detach from
> pre_exit happens first, link release will not attempt to access struct net.
>
> Same applies the other way around, network namespace doesn't keep an
> attached link alive because by not holding a ref to it. Instead bpf_links
> to netns are RCU-freed, so that pernet pre_exit callback can safely access
> and auto-detach the link when racing with link release/free.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jakub Sitnicki <jakub@...udflare.com>
> ---

[...]

> +static int bpf_netns_link_update_prog(struct bpf_link *link,
> +				      struct bpf_prog *new_prog,
> +				      struct bpf_prog *old_prog)
> +{
> +	struct bpf_netns_link *net_link = to_bpf_netns_link(link);
> +	struct net *net;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	if (old_prog && old_prog != link->prog)
> +		return -EPERM;
> +	if (new_prog->type != link->prog->type)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&netns_bpf_mutex);
> +	rcu_read_lock();
> +
> +	net = rcu_dereference(net_link->net);
> +	if (!net || !check_net(net)) {
> +		/* Link auto-detached or netns dying */
> +		ret = -ENOLINK;
> +		goto out_unlock;
> +	}
> +
> +	old_prog = xchg(&link->prog, new_prog);
> +	bpf_prog_put(old_prog);

I've noticed a bug here. I should be updating net->bpf.progs[type] here
as well. Will fix in v2.

> +
> +out_unlock:
> +	rcu_read_unlock();
> +	mutex_unlock(&netns_bpf_mutex);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}

[...]

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