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Date:   Tue, 30 Jun 2020 10:43:55 -0700
From:   Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
To:     Jakub Sitnicki <jakub@...udflare.com>, <bpf@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     <netdev@...r.kernel.org>, <kernel-team@...udflare.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next] bpf, netns: Fix use-after-free in pernet
 pre_exit callback



On 6/30/20 9:45 AM, Jakub Sitnicki wrote:
> Iterating over BPF links attached to network namespace in pre_exit hook is
> not safe, even if there is just one. Once link gets auto-detached, that is
> its back-pointer to net object is set to NULL, the link can be released and
> freed without waiting on netns_bpf_mutex, effectively causing the list
> element we are operating on to be freed.
> 
> This leads to use-after-free when trying to access the next element on the
> list, as reported by KASAN. Bug can be triggered by destroying a network
> namespace, while also releasing a link attached to this network namespace.
> 
> | ==================================================================
> | BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in netns_bpf_pernet_pre_exit+0xd9/0x130
> | Read of size 8 at addr ffff888119e0d778 by task kworker/u8:2/177
> |
> | CPU: 3 PID: 177 Comm: kworker/u8:2 Not tainted 5.8.0-rc1-00197-ga0c04c9d1008-dirty #776
> | Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS ?-20190727_073836-buildvm-ppc64le-16.ppc.fedoraproject.org-3.fc31 04/01/2014
> | Workqueue: netns cleanup_net
> | Call Trace:
> |  dump_stack+0x9e/0xe0
> |  print_address_description.constprop.0+0x3a/0x60
> |  ? netns_bpf_pernet_pre_exit+0xd9/0x130
> |  kasan_report.cold+0x1f/0x40
> |  ? netns_bpf_pernet_pre_exit+0xd9/0x130
> |  netns_bpf_pernet_pre_exit+0xd9/0x130
> |  cleanup_net+0x30b/0x5b0
> |  ? unregister_pernet_device+0x50/0x50
> |  ? rcu_read_lock_bh_held+0xb0/0xb0
> |  ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x24/0x50
> |  process_one_work+0x4d1/0xa10
> |  ? lock_release+0x3e0/0x3e0
> |  ? pwq_dec_nr_in_flight+0x110/0x110
> |  ? rwlock_bug.part.0+0x60/0x60
> |  worker_thread+0x7a/0x5c0
> |  ? process_one_work+0xa10/0xa10
> |  kthread+0x1e3/0x240
> |  ? kthread_create_on_node+0xd0/0xd0
> |  ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
> |
> | Allocated by task 280:
> |  save_stack+0x1b/0x40
> |  __kasan_kmalloc.constprop.0+0xc2/0xd0
> |  netns_bpf_link_create+0xfe/0x650
> |  __do_sys_bpf+0x153a/0x2a50
> |  do_syscall_64+0x59/0x300
> |  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> |
> | Freed by task 198:
> |  save_stack+0x1b/0x40
> |  __kasan_slab_free+0x12f/0x180
> |  kfree+0xed/0x350
> |  process_one_work+0x4d1/0xa10
> |  worker_thread+0x7a/0x5c0
> |  kthread+0x1e3/0x240
> |  ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
> |
> | The buggy address belongs to the object at ffff888119e0d700
> |  which belongs to the cache kmalloc-192 of size 192
> | The buggy address is located 120 bytes inside of
> |  192-byte region [ffff888119e0d700, ffff888119e0d7c0)
> | The buggy address belongs to the page:
> | page:ffffea0004678340 refcount:1 mapcount:0 mapping:0000000000000000 index:0x0
> | flags: 0x2fffe0000000200(slab)
> | raw: 02fffe0000000200 ffffea00045ba8c0 0000000600000006 ffff88811a80ea80
> | raw: 0000000000000000 0000000000100010 00000001ffffffff 0000000000000000
> | page dumped because: kasan: bad access detected
> |
> | Memory state around the buggy address:
> |  ffff888119e0d600: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
> |  ffff888119e0d680: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc
> | >ffff888119e0d700: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
> |                                                                 ^
> |  ffff888119e0d780: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc
> |  ffff888119e0d800: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
> | ==================================================================
> 
> Remove the "fast-path" for releasing a link that got auto-detached by a
> dying network namespace to fix it. This way as long as link is on the list
> and netns_bpf mutex is held, we have a guarantee that link memory can be
> accessed.
> 
> An alternative way to fix this issue would be to safely iterate over the
> list of links and ensure there is no access to link object after detaching
> it. But, at the moment, optimizing synchronization overhead on link release
> without a workload in mind seems like an overkill.
> 
> Fixes: 7233adc8b69b ("bpf, netns: Keep a list of attached bpf_link's")
> Signed-off-by: Jakub Sitnicki <jakub@...udflare.com>

Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>

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