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Date:   Thu, 20 Aug 2020 23:17:45 -0700
From:   Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
To:     Udip Pant <udippant@...com>, Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>,
        "David S . Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>
CC:     <netdev@...r.kernel.org>, <bpf@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 bpf 1/2] bpf: verifier: check for packet data access
 based on target prog



On 8/20/20 11:13 PM, Yonghong Song wrote:
> 
> 
> On 8/20/20 5:28 PM, Udip Pant wrote:
>> While using dynamic program extension (of type BPF_PROG_TYPE_EXT), we
>> need to check the program type of the target program to grant the read /
>> write access to the packet data.
>>
>> The BPF_PROG_TYPE_EXT type can be used to extend types such as XDP, SKB
>> and others. Since the BPF_PROG_TYPE_EXT program type on itself is just a
>> placeholder for those, we need this extended check for those target
>> programs to actually work while using this option.
>>
>> Tested this with a freplace xdp program. Without this patch, the
>> verifier fails with error 'cannot write into packet'.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Udip Pant <udippant@...com>
>> ---
>>   kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 6 +++++-
>>   1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
>> index ef938f17b944..4d7604430994 100644
>> --- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
>> +++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
>> @@ -2629,7 +2629,11 @@ static bool may_access_direct_pkt_data(struct 
>> bpf_verifier_env *env,
>>                          const struct bpf_call_arg_meta *meta,
>>                          enum bpf_access_type t)
>>   {
>> -    switch (env->prog->type) {
>> +    struct bpf_prog *prog = env->prog;
>> +    enum bpf_prog_type prog_type = prog->aux->linked_prog ?
>> +          prog->aux->linked_prog->type : prog->type;
> 
> I checked the verifier code. There are several places where
> prog->type is checked and EXT program type will behave differently
> from the linked program.
> 
> Maybe abstract the the above logic to one static function like
> 
> static enum bpf_prog_type resolved_prog_type(struct bpf_prog *prog)
> {
>      return prog->aux->linked_prog ? prog->aux->linked_prog->type
>                        : prog->type;
> }
> 
> This function can then be used in different places to give the resolved
> prog type.
> 
> Besides here checking pkt access permission,
> another possible places to consider is return value
> in function check_return_code(). Currently,
> for EXT program, the result value can be anything. This may need to
> be enforced. Could you take a look? It could be others as well.
> You can take a look at verifier.c by searching "prog->type".

Note that if the EXT program tries to replace a global subprogram,
then return value cannot be enforced, just as what Patch #2 example shows.

> 
>> +
>> +    switch (prog_type) {
>>       /* Program types only with direct read access go here! */
>>       case BPF_PROG_TYPE_LWT_IN:
>>       case BPF_PROG_TYPE_LWT_OUT:
>>

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