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Date:   Fri, 4 Sep 2020 13:30:55 -0700
From:   Andrii Nakryiko <andrii.nakryiko@...il.com>
To:     Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
Cc:     bpf <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, Networking <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Kernel Team <kernel-team@...com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next 1/2] bpf: permit map_ptr arithmetic with opcode
 add and offset 0

On Fri, Sep 4, 2020 at 12:49 PM Yonghong Song <yhs@...com> wrote:
>
> Commit 41c48f3a98231 ("bpf: Support access
> to bpf map fields") added support to access map fields
> with CORE support. For example,
>
>             struct bpf_map {
>                     __u32 max_entries;
>             } __attribute__((preserve_access_index));
>
>             struct bpf_array {
>                     struct bpf_map map;
>                     __u32 elem_size;
>             } __attribute__((preserve_access_index));
>
>             struct {
>                     __uint(type, BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY);
>                     __uint(max_entries, 4);
>                     __type(key, __u32);
>                     __type(value, __u32);
>             } m_array SEC(".maps");
>
>             SEC("cgroup_skb/egress")
>             int cg_skb(void *ctx)
>             {
>                     struct bpf_array *array = (struct bpf_array *)&m_array;
>
>                     /* .. array->map.max_entries .. */
>             }
>
> In kernel, bpf_htab has similar structure,
>
>             struct bpf_htab {
>                     struct bpf_map map;
>                     ...
>             }
>
> In the above cg_skb(), to access array->map.max_entries, with CORE, the clang will
> generate two builtin's.
>             base = &m_array;
>             /* access array.map */
>             map_addr = __builtin_preserve_struct_access_info(base, 0, 0);
>             /* access array.map.max_entries */
>             max_entries_addr = __builtin_preserve_struct_access_info(map_addr, 0, 0);
>             max_entries = *max_entries_addr;
>
> In the current llvm, if two builtin's are in the same function or
> in the same function after inlining, the compiler is smart enough to chain
> them together and generates like below:
>             base = &m_array;
>             max_entries = *(base + reloc_offset); /* reloc_offset = 0 in this case */
> and we are fine.
>
> But if we force no inlining for one of functions in test_map_ptr() selftest, e.g.,
> check_default(), the above two __builtin_preserve_* will be in two different
> functions. In this case, we will have code like:
>    func check_hash():
>             reloc_offset_map = 0;
>             base = &m_array;
>             map_base = base + reloc_offset_map;
>             check_default(map_base, ...)
>    func check_default(map_base, ...):
>             max_entries = *(map_base + reloc_offset_max_entries);
>
> In kernel, map_ptr (CONST_PTR_TO_MAP) does not allow any arithmetic.
> The above "map_base = base + reloc_offset_map" will trigger a verifier failure.
>   ; VERIFY(check_default(&hash->map, map));
>   0: (18) r7 = 0xffffb4fe8018a004
>   2: (b4) w1 = 110
>   3: (63) *(u32 *)(r7 +0) = r1
>    R1_w=invP110 R7_w=map_value(id=0,off=4,ks=4,vs=8,imm=0) R10=fp0
>   ; VERIFY_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH, check_hash);
>   4: (18) r1 = 0xffffb4fe8018a000
>   6: (b4) w2 = 1
>   7: (63) *(u32 *)(r1 +0) = r2
>    R1_w=map_value(id=0,off=0,ks=4,vs=8,imm=0) R2_w=invP1 R7_w=map_value(id=0,off=4,ks=4,vs=8,imm=0) R10=fp0
>   8: (b7) r2 = 0
>   9: (18) r8 = 0xffff90bcb500c000
>   11: (18) r1 = 0xffff90bcb500c000
>   13: (0f) r1 += r2
>   R1 pointer arithmetic on map_ptr prohibited
>
> To fix the issue, let us permit map_ptr + 0 arithmetic which will
> result in exactly the same map_ptr.
>
> Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
> ---
>  kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 3 +++
>  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
> index b4e9c56b8b32..92aa985e99df 100644
> --- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
> +++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
> @@ -5317,6 +5317,9 @@ static int adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
>                         dst, reg_type_str[ptr_reg->type]);
>                 return -EACCES;
>         case CONST_PTR_TO_MAP:
> +               if (known && smin_val == 0 && opcode == BPF_ADD)

does smin_val imply that var_off is strictly zero? if that's the case,
can you please leave a comment stating this clearly, it's hard to tell
if that's enough of a check.

> +                       break;
> +               /* fall-through */
>         case PTR_TO_PACKET_END:
>         case PTR_TO_SOCKET:
>         case PTR_TO_SOCKET_OR_NULL:
> --
> 2.24.1
>

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