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Date:   Thu, 3 Dec 2020 10:14:31 -0800
From:   Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@...il.com>
To:     Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com>
Cc:     Gary Lin <glin@...e.com>, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        bpf@...r.kernel.org, Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        andreas.taschner@...e.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] bpf, x64: bump the number of passes to 64

On Thu, Dec 03, 2020 at 12:20:38PM +0100, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> 
> 
> On 12/3/20 10:12 AM, Gary Lin wrote:
> > The x64 bpf jit expects bpf images converge within the given passes, but
> > it could fail to do so with some corner cases. For example:
> > 
> >       l0:     ldh [4]
> >       l1:     jeq #0x537d, l2, l40
> >       l2:     ld [0]
> >       l3:     jeq #0xfa163e0d, l4, l40
> >       l4:     ldh [12]
> >       l5:     ldx #0xe
> >       l6:     jeq #0x86dd, l41, l7
> >       l8:     ld [x+16]
> >       l9:     ja 41
> > 
> >         [... repeated ja 41 ]
> > 
> >       l40:    ja 41
> >       l41:    ret #0
> >       l42:    ld #len
> >       l43:    ret a
> > 
> > This bpf program contains 32 "ja 41" instructions which are effectively
> > NOPs and designed to be replaced with valid code dynamically. Ideally,
> > bpf jit should optimize those "ja 41" instructions out when translating
> > the bpf instructions into x86_64 machine code. However, do_jit() can
> > only remove one "ja 41" for offset==0 on each pass, so it requires at
> > least 32 runs to eliminate those JMPs and exceeds the current limit of
> > passes (20). In the end, the program got rejected when BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON
> > is set even though it's legit as a classic socket filter.
> > 
> > Since this kind of programs are usually handcrafted rather than
> > generated by LLVM, those programs tend to be small. To avoid increasing
> > the complexity of BPF JIT, this commit just bumps the number of passes
> > to 64 as suggested by Daniel to make it less likely to fail on such cases.
> > 
> 
> Another idea would be to stop trying to reduce size of generated
> code after a given number of passes have been attempted.
> 
> Because even a limit of 64 wont ensure all 'valid' programs can be JITed.

+1.
Bumping the limit is not solving anything.
It only allows bad actors force kernel to spend more time in JIT.
If we're holding locks the longer looping may cause issues.
I think JIT is parallel enough, but still it's a concern.

I wonder how assemblers deal with it?
They probably face the same issue.

Instead of going back to 32-bit jumps and suddenly increase image size
I think we can do nop padding instead.
After few loops every insn is more or less optimal.
I think the fix could be something like:
  if (is_imm8(jmp_offset)) {
       EMIT2(jmp_cond, jmp_offset);
       if (loop_cnt > 5) {
          EMIT N nops
          where N = addrs[i] - addrs[i - 1]; // not sure about this math.
          N can be 0 or 4 here.
          // or may be NOPs should be emitted before EMIT2.
          // need to think it through
       }
  }
Will something like this work?
I think that's what you're suggesting, right?

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