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Date:   Tue, 3 Aug 2021 14:18:38 +0300
From:   Grygorii Strashko <>
To:     Arnd Bergmann <>,
        Vladimir Oltean <>
CC:     Networking <>,
        Jakub Kicinski <>,
        "David S. Miller" <>,
        Naresh Kamboju <>,
        Lars Povlsen <>,
        Steen Hegelund <>,
        Microchip Linux Driver Support <>,
        Florian Fainelli <>,
        Andrew Lunn <>,
        Vivien Didelot <>,
        Ido Schimmel <>, Jiri Pirko <>,
        Roopa Prabhu <>,
        Nikolay Aleksandrov <>,
        Linux Kernel Functional Testing <>,
        Vignesh Raghavendra <>,
        Florian Fainelli <>,
        Andrew Lunn <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next] net: build all switchdev drivers as modules when
 the bridge is a module

Hi All,

On 02/08/2021 17:47, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Mon, Jul 26, 2021 at 4:28 PM Vladimir Oltean <> wrote:
>> Currently, all drivers depend on the bool CONFIG_NET_SWITCHDEV, but only
>> the drivers that call some sort of function exported by the bridge, like
>> br_vlan_enabled() or whatever, have an extra dependency on CONFIG_BRIDGE.
>> Since the blamed commit, all switchdev drivers have a functional
>> dependency upon switchdev_bridge_port_{,un}offload(), which is a pair of
>> functions exported by the bridge module and not by the bridge-independent
>> Problems appear when we have:
>> because cpsw, am65_cpsw and sparx5 will then be built-in but they will
>> call a symbol exported by a loadable module. This is not possible and
>> will result in the following build error:
>> drivers/net/ethernet/ti/cpsw_new.o: in function `cpsw_netdevice_event':
>> drivers/net/ethernet/ti/cpsw_new.c:1520: undefined reference to
>>                                          `switchdev_bridge_port_offload'
>> drivers/net/ethernet/ti/cpsw_new.c:1537: undefined reference to
>>                                          `switchdev_bridge_port_unoffload'
>> As mentioned, the other switchdev drivers don't suffer from this because
>> switchdev_bridge_port_offload() is not the first symbol exported by the
>> bridge that they are calling, so they already needed to deal with this
>> in the same way.
>> Fixes: 2f5dc00f7a3e ("net: bridge: switchdev: let drivers inform which bridge ports are offloaded")
>> Reported-by: Linux Kernel Functional Testing <>
>> Signed-off-by: Vladimir Oltean <>
> I'm still seeing build failures after this patch was applied. I have a fixup
> patch that seems to work, but I'm still not sure if that version is complete.

In my opinion, the problem is a bit bigger here than just fixing the build :(

In case, of ^cpsw the switchdev mode is kinda optional and in many cases
(especially for testing purposes, NFS) the multi-mac mode is still preferable mode.

There were no such tight dependency between switchdev drivers and bridge core before and switchdev serviced as
independent, notification based layer between them, so ^cpsw still can be "Y" and bridge can be "M".
Now for mostly every kernel build configuration the CONFIG_BRIDGE will need to be set as "Y", or we will have
to update drivers to support build with BRIDGE=n and maintain separate builds for networking vs non-networking testing.
But is this enough? Wouldn't it cause 'chain reaction' required to add more and more "Y" options (like CONFIG_VLAN_8021Q)?

PS. Just to be sure we on the same page - ARM builds will be forced (with this patch) to have CONFIG_TI_CPSW_SWITCHDEV=m
and so all our automation testing will just fail with omap2plus_defconfig.
Best regards,

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