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Date:   Wed, 20 Apr 2022 19:24:05 -0400
From:   Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
To:     Xu Kuohai <xukuohai@...wei.com>
Cc:     <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org>,
        Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>,
        Will Deacon <will@...nel.org>, Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Zi Shen Lim <zlim.lnx@...il.com>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>, Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        KP Singh <kpsingh@...nel.org>,
        "David S . Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Hideaki YOSHIFUJI <yoshfuji@...ux-ipv6.org>,
        David Ahern <dsahern@...nel.org>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>, <x86@...nel.org>,
        <hpa@...or.com>, Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@...nel.org>,
        Pasha Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@...een.com>,
        Peter Collingbourne <pcc@...gle.com>,
        Daniel Kiss <daniel.kiss@....com>,
        Sudeep Holla <sudeep.holla@....com>,
        Steven Price <steven.price@....com>,
        Marc Zyngier <maz@...nel.org>, Mark Brown <broonie@...nel.org>,
        Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <memxor@...il.com>,
        Delyan Kratunov <delyank@...com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next v2 2/6] ftrace: Fix deadloop caused by direct
 call in ftrace selftest

On Thu, 14 Apr 2022 12:22:16 -0400
Xu Kuohai <xukuohai@...wei.com> wrote:

> After direct call is enabled for arm64, ftrace selftest enters a
> dead loop:
> 
> <trace_selftest_dynamic_test_func>:
> 00  bti     c
> 01  mov     x9, x30                            <trace_direct_tramp>:
> 02  bl      <trace_direct_tramp>    ---------->     ret
>                                                      |
>                                          lr/x30 is 03, return to 03
>                                                      |
> 03  mov     w0, #0x0   <-----------------------------|
>      |                                               |
>      |                   dead loop!                  |
>      |                                               |
> 04  ret   ---- lr/x30 is still 03, go back to 03 ----|
> 
> The reason is that when the direct caller trace_direct_tramp() returns
> to the patched function trace_selftest_dynamic_test_func(), lr is still
> the address after the instrumented instruction in the patched function,
> so when the patched function exits, it returns to itself!
> 
> To fix this issue, we need to restore lr before trace_direct_tramp()
> exits, so make trace_direct_tramp() a weak symbol and rewrite it for
> arm64.
> 
> To detect this issue directly, call DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME() before
> register_ftrace_graph().
> 
> Reported-by: Li Huafei <lihuafei1@...wei.com>
> Signed-off-by: Xu Kuohai <xukuohai@...wei.com>
> ---
>  arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S | 10 ++++++++++
>  kernel/trace/trace_selftest.c    |  4 +++-
>  2 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S
> index dfe62c55e3a2..e58eb06ec9b2 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S
> @@ -357,3 +357,13 @@ SYM_CODE_START(return_to_handler)
>  	ret
>  SYM_CODE_END(return_to_handler)
>  #endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER */
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SELFTEST
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE_WITH_DIRECT_CALLS
> +SYM_FUNC_START(trace_direct_tramp)
> +	mov	x10, x30
> +	mov	x30, x9
> +	ret	x10
> +SYM_FUNC_END(trace_direct_tramp)
> +#endif /* CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE_WITH_DIRECT_CALLS */
> +#endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_SELFTEST */
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_selftest.c b/kernel/trace/trace_selftest.c
> index abcadbe933bb..38b0d5c9a1e0 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace_selftest.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_selftest.c
> @@ -785,7 +785,7 @@ static struct fgraph_ops fgraph_ops __initdata  = {
>  };
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE_WITH_DIRECT_CALLS
> -noinline __noclone static void trace_direct_tramp(void) { }
> +void __weak trace_direct_tramp(void) { }
>  #endif
>  
>  /*


> @@ -868,6 +868,8 @@ trace_selftest_startup_function_graph(struct tracer *trace,
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto out;
>  
> +	DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME();

This doesn't look like it belongs in this patch.

-- Steve

> +
>  	ret = register_ftrace_graph(&fgraph_ops);
>  	if (ret) {
>  		warn_failed_init_tracer(trace, ret);

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