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Date:   Fri, 29 Apr 2022 14:15:41 +0300
From:   Maxim Mikityanskiy <maximmi@...dia.com>
To:     <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        "Daniel Borkmann" <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     Tariq Toukan <tariqt@...dia.com>, Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        "Song Liu" <songliubraving@...com>, Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        KP Singh <kpsingh@...nel.org>,
        "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>,
        Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>,
        Hideaki YOSHIFUJI <yoshfuji@...ux-ipv6.org>,
        "David Ahern" <dsahern@...nel.org>, Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        "Jesper Dangaard Brouer" <hawk@...nel.org>,
        Nathan Chancellor <nathan@...nel.org>,
        "Nick Desaulniers" <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>,
        Joe Stringer <joe@...ium.io>,
        "Florent Revest" <revest@...omium.org>,
        <linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org>,
        Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@...e.dk>,
        "Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi" <memxor@...il.com>,
        Florian Westphal <fw@...len.de>, <pabeni@...hat.com>,
        Maxim Mikityanskiy <maximmi@...dia.com>
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next v8 5/5] bpf: Allow the new syncookie helpers to work with SKBs

This commits allows the new BPF helpers to work in SKB context (in TC
BPF programs): bpf_tcp_raw_{gen,check}_syncookie_ipv{4,6}.

The sample application and selftest are updated to support the TC mode.
It's not the recommended mode of operation, because the SKB is already
created at this point, and it's unlikely that the BPF program will
provide any substantional speedup compared to regular SYN cookies or
synproxy.

Signed-off-by: Maxim Mikityanskiy <maximmi@...dia.com>
Reviewed-by: Tariq Toukan <tariqt@...dia.com>
---
 net/core/filter.c                             |  10 ++
 .../selftests/bpf/prog_tests/xdp_synproxy.c   |  53 +++++--
 .../selftests/bpf/progs/xdp_synproxy_kern.c   | 141 +++++++++++++-----
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/xdp_synproxy.c    |  94 +++++++++---
 4 files changed, 230 insertions(+), 68 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/core/filter.c b/net/core/filter.c
index 7efeee6c7624..f8fe9aea545f 100644
--- a/net/core/filter.c
+++ b/net/core/filter.c
@@ -7905,6 +7905,16 @@ tc_cls_act_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 		return &bpf_sk_assign_proto;
 	case BPF_FUNC_skb_set_tstamp:
 		return &bpf_skb_set_tstamp_proto;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES
+	case BPF_FUNC_tcp_raw_gen_syncookie_ipv4:
+		return &bpf_tcp_raw_gen_syncookie_ipv4_proto;
+	case BPF_FUNC_tcp_raw_gen_syncookie_ipv6:
+		return &bpf_tcp_raw_gen_syncookie_ipv6_proto;
+	case BPF_FUNC_tcp_raw_check_syncookie_ipv4:
+		return &bpf_tcp_raw_check_syncookie_ipv4_proto;
+	case BPF_FUNC_tcp_raw_check_syncookie_ipv6:
+		return &bpf_tcp_raw_check_syncookie_ipv6_proto;
+#endif
 #endif
 	default:
 		return bpf_sk_base_func_proto(func_id);
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/xdp_synproxy.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/xdp_synproxy.c
index e08b28e25047..09320967d865 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/xdp_synproxy.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/xdp_synproxy.c
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
 #include <test_progs.h>
 #include <network_helpers.h>
 
@@ -7,9 +8,11 @@
 		goto out; \
 })
 
-#define SYS_OUT(cmd) ({ \
-	FILE *f = popen((cmd), "r"); \
-	if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(f, (cmd))) \
+#define SYS_OUT(cmd, ...) ({ \
+	char buf[1024]; \
+	snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), (cmd), ##__VA_ARGS__); \
+	FILE *f = popen(buf, "r"); \
+	if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(f, buf)) \
 		goto out; \
 	f; \
 })
@@ -21,9 +24,10 @@ static bool expect_str(char *buf, size_t size, const char *str)
 	return !memcmp(buf, str, size);
 }
 
-void test_xdp_synproxy(void)
+static void test_synproxy(bool xdp)
 {
 	int server_fd = -1, client_fd = -1, accept_fd = -1;
+	char *prog_id, *prog_id_end;
 	struct nstoken *ns = NULL;
 	FILE *ctrl_file = NULL;
 	char buf[1024];
@@ -39,8 +43,9 @@ void test_xdp_synproxy(void)
 	// When checksum offload is enabled, the XDP program sees wrong
 	// checksums and drops packets.
 	SYS("ethtool -K tmp0 tx off");
-	// Workaround required for veth.
-	SYS("ip link set tmp0 xdp object xdp_dummy.o section xdp 2> /dev/null");
+	if (xdp)
+		// Workaround required for veth.
+		SYS("ip link set tmp0 xdp object xdp_dummy.o section xdp 2> /dev/null");
 
 	ns = open_netns("synproxy");
 	if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(ns, "setns"))
@@ -60,14 +65,34 @@ void test_xdp_synproxy(void)
 	SYS("iptables -t filter -A INPUT \
 	    -i tmp1 -m state --state INVALID -j DROP");
 
-	ctrl_file = SYS_OUT("./xdp_synproxy --iface tmp1 --ports 8080 --single \
-			    --mss4 1460 --mss6 1440 --wscale 7 --ttl 64");
+	ctrl_file = SYS_OUT("./xdp_synproxy --iface tmp1 --ports 8080 \
+			    --single --mss4 1460 --mss6 1440 \
+			    --wscale 7 --ttl 64%s", xdp ? "" : " --tc");
 	size = fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), ctrl_file);
 	pclose(ctrl_file);
 	if (!ASSERT_TRUE(expect_str(buf, size, "Total SYNACKs generated: 0\n"),
 			 "initial SYNACKs"))
 		goto out;
 
+	if (!xdp) {
+		ctrl_file = SYS_OUT("tc filter show dev tmp1 ingress");
+		size = fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), ctrl_file);
+		pclose(ctrl_file);
+		prog_id = memmem(buf, size, " id ", 4);
+		if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(prog_id, "find prog id"))
+			goto out;
+		prog_id += 4;
+		if (!ASSERT_LT(prog_id, buf + size, "find prog id begin"))
+			goto out;
+		prog_id_end = prog_id;
+		while (prog_id_end < buf + size && *prog_id_end >= '0' &&
+		       *prog_id_end <= '9')
+			prog_id_end++;
+		if (!ASSERT_LT(prog_id_end, buf + size, "find prog id end"))
+			goto out;
+		*prog_id_end = '\0';
+	}
+
 	server_fd = start_server(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, "198.18.0.2", 8080, 0);
 	if (!ASSERT_GE(server_fd, 0, "start_server"))
 		goto out;
@@ -87,7 +112,11 @@ void test_xdp_synproxy(void)
 	if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(ns, "setns"))
 		goto out;
 
-	ctrl_file = SYS_OUT("./xdp_synproxy --iface tmp1 --single");
+	if (xdp)
+		ctrl_file = SYS_OUT("./xdp_synproxy --iface tmp1 --single");
+	else
+		ctrl_file = SYS_OUT("./xdp_synproxy --prog %s --single",
+				    prog_id);
 	size = fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), ctrl_file);
 	pclose(ctrl_file);
 	if (!ASSERT_TRUE(expect_str(buf, size, "Total SYNACKs generated: 1\n"),
@@ -107,3 +136,9 @@ void test_xdp_synproxy(void)
 	system("ip link del tmp0");
 	system("ip netns del synproxy");
 }
+
+void test_xdp_synproxy(void)
+{
+	test_synproxy(true);
+	test_synproxy(false);
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/xdp_synproxy_kern.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/xdp_synproxy_kern.c
index 9ae85b189072..f70b5f776dcf 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/xdp_synproxy_kern.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/xdp_synproxy_kern.c
@@ -7,6 +7,9 @@
 #include <bpf/bpf_endian.h>
 #include <asm/errno.h>
 
+#define TC_ACT_OK 0
+#define TC_ACT_SHOT 2
+
 #define NSEC_PER_SEC 1000000000L
 
 #define ETH_ALEN 6
@@ -80,6 +83,12 @@ extern struct nf_conn *bpf_xdp_ct_lookup(struct xdp_md *xdp_ctx,
 					 struct bpf_ct_opts *opts,
 					 __u32 len_opts) __ksym;
 
+extern struct nf_conn *bpf_skb_ct_lookup(struct __sk_buff *skb_ctx,
+					 struct bpf_sock_tuple *bpf_tuple,
+					 u32 len_tuple,
+					 struct bpf_ct_opts *opts,
+					 u32 len_opts) __ksym;
+
 extern void bpf_ct_release(struct nf_conn *ct) __ksym;
 
 static __always_inline void swap_eth_addr(__u8 *a, __u8 *b)
@@ -380,7 +389,7 @@ static __always_inline int tcp_dissect(void *data, void *data_end,
 	return XDP_TX;
 }
 
-static __always_inline int tcp_lookup(struct xdp_md *ctx, struct header_pointers *hdr)
+static __always_inline int tcp_lookup(void *ctx, struct header_pointers *hdr, bool xdp)
 {
 	struct bpf_ct_opts ct_lookup_opts = {
 		.netns_id = BPF_F_CURRENT_NETNS,
@@ -410,7 +419,10 @@ static __always_inline int tcp_lookup(struct xdp_md *ctx, struct header_pointers
 		// The verifier can't track that either ipv4 or ipv6 is not NULL.
 		return XDP_ABORTED;
 	}
-	ct = bpf_xdp_ct_lookup(ctx, &tup, tup_size, &ct_lookup_opts, sizeof(ct_lookup_opts));
+	if (xdp)
+		ct = bpf_xdp_ct_lookup(ctx, &tup, tup_size, &ct_lookup_opts, sizeof(ct_lookup_opts));
+	else
+		ct = bpf_skb_ct_lookup(ctx, &tup, tup_size, &ct_lookup_opts, sizeof(ct_lookup_opts));
 	if (ct) {
 		unsigned long status = ct->status;
 
@@ -523,8 +535,9 @@ static __always_inline void tcpv6_gen_synack(struct header_pointers *hdr,
 }
 
 static __always_inline int syncookie_handle_syn(struct header_pointers *hdr,
-						struct xdp_md *ctx,
-						void *data, void *data_end)
+						void *ctx,
+						void *data, void *data_end,
+						bool xdp)
 {
 	__u32 old_pkt_size, new_pkt_size;
 	// Unlike clang 10, clang 11 and 12 generate code that doesn't pass the
@@ -656,8 +669,13 @@ static __always_inline int syncookie_handle_syn(struct header_pointers *hdr,
 	// Set the new packet size.
 	old_pkt_size = data_end - data;
 	new_pkt_size = sizeof(*hdr->eth) + ip_len + hdr->tcp->doff * 4;
-	if (bpf_xdp_adjust_tail(ctx, new_pkt_size - old_pkt_size))
-		return XDP_ABORTED;
+	if (xdp) {
+		if (bpf_xdp_adjust_tail(ctx, new_pkt_size - old_pkt_size))
+			return XDP_ABORTED;
+	} else {
+		if (bpf_skb_change_tail(ctx, new_pkt_size, 0))
+			return XDP_ABORTED;
+	}
 
 	values_inc_synacks();
 
@@ -683,68 +701,119 @@ static __always_inline int syncookie_handle_ack(struct header_pointers *hdr)
 	return XDP_PASS;
 }
 
-SEC("xdp")
-int syncookie_xdp(struct xdp_md *ctx)
+static __always_inline int syncookie_part1(void *ctx, void *data, void *data_end,
+					   struct header_pointers *hdr, bool xdp)
 {
-	void *data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
-	void *data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
-	struct header_pointers hdr;
-	__s64 value;
-	int ret;
-
 	struct bpf_ct_opts ct_lookup_opts = {
 		.netns_id = BPF_F_CURRENT_NETNS,
 		.l4proto = IPPROTO_TCP,
 	};
+	int ret;
 
-	ret = tcp_dissect(data, data_end, &hdr);
+	ret = tcp_dissect(data, data_end, hdr);
 	if (ret != XDP_TX)
 		return ret;
 
-	ret = tcp_lookup(ctx, &hdr);
+	ret = tcp_lookup(ctx, hdr, xdp);
 	if (ret != XDP_TX)
 		return ret;
 
 	// Packet is TCP and doesn't belong to an established connection.
 
-	if ((hdr.tcp->syn ^ hdr.tcp->ack) != 1)
+	if ((hdr->tcp->syn ^ hdr->tcp->ack) != 1)
 		return XDP_DROP;
 
-	// Grow the TCP header to TCP_MAXLEN to be able to pass any hdr.tcp_len
+	// Grow the TCP header to TCP_MAXLEN to be able to pass any hdr->tcp_len
 	// to bpf_tcp_raw_gen_syncookie_ipv{4,6} and pass the verifier.
-	if (bpf_xdp_adjust_tail(ctx, TCP_MAXLEN - hdr.tcp_len))
-		return XDP_ABORTED;
+	if (xdp) {
+		if (bpf_xdp_adjust_tail(ctx, TCP_MAXLEN - hdr->tcp_len))
+			return XDP_ABORTED;
+	} else {
+		// Without volatile the verifier throws this error:
+		// R9 32-bit pointer arithmetic prohibited
+		volatile u64 old_len = data_end - data;
 
-	data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
-	data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
+		if (bpf_skb_change_tail(ctx, old_len + TCP_MAXLEN - hdr->tcp_len, 0))
+			return XDP_ABORTED;
+	}
+
+	return XDP_TX;
+}
 
-	if (hdr.ipv4) {
-		hdr.eth = data;
-		hdr.ipv4 = (void *)hdr.eth + sizeof(*hdr.eth);
+static __always_inline int syncookie_part2(void *ctx, void *data, void *data_end,
+					   struct header_pointers *hdr, bool xdp)
+{
+	if (hdr->ipv4) {
+		hdr->eth = data;
+		hdr->ipv4 = (void *)hdr->eth + sizeof(*hdr->eth);
 		// IPV4_MAXLEN is needed when calculating checksum.
 		// At least sizeof(struct iphdr) is needed here to access ihl.
-		if ((void *)hdr.ipv4 + IPV4_MAXLEN > data_end)
+		if ((void *)hdr->ipv4 + IPV4_MAXLEN > data_end)
 			return XDP_ABORTED;
-		hdr.tcp = (void *)hdr.ipv4 + hdr.ipv4->ihl * 4;
-	} else if (hdr.ipv6) {
-		hdr.eth = data;
-		hdr.ipv6 = (void *)hdr.eth + sizeof(*hdr.eth);
-		hdr.tcp = (void *)hdr.ipv6 + sizeof(*hdr.ipv6);
+		hdr->tcp = (void *)hdr->ipv4 + hdr->ipv4->ihl * 4;
+	} else if (hdr->ipv6) {
+		hdr->eth = data;
+		hdr->ipv6 = (void *)hdr->eth + sizeof(*hdr->eth);
+		hdr->tcp = (void *)hdr->ipv6 + sizeof(*hdr->ipv6);
 	} else {
 		return XDP_ABORTED;
 	}
 
-	if ((void *)hdr.tcp + TCP_MAXLEN > data_end)
+	if ((void *)hdr->tcp + TCP_MAXLEN > data_end)
 		return XDP_ABORTED;
 
 	// We run out of registers, tcp_len gets spilled to the stack, and the
 	// verifier forgets its min and max values checked above in tcp_dissect.
-	hdr.tcp_len = hdr.tcp->doff * 4;
-	if (hdr.tcp_len < sizeof(*hdr.tcp))
+	hdr->tcp_len = hdr->tcp->doff * 4;
+	if (hdr->tcp_len < sizeof(*hdr->tcp))
 		return XDP_ABORTED;
 
-	return hdr.tcp->syn ? syncookie_handle_syn(&hdr, ctx, data, data_end) :
-			      syncookie_handle_ack(&hdr);
+	return hdr->tcp->syn ? syncookie_handle_syn(hdr, ctx, data, data_end, xdp) :
+			       syncookie_handle_ack(hdr);
+}
+
+SEC("xdp")
+int syncookie_xdp(struct xdp_md *ctx)
+{
+	void *data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
+	void *data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
+	struct header_pointers hdr;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = syncookie_part1(ctx, data, data_end, &hdr, true);
+	if (ret != XDP_TX)
+		return ret;
+
+	data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
+	data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
+
+	return syncookie_part2(ctx, data, data_end, &hdr, true);
+}
+
+SEC("tc")
+int syncookie_tc(struct __sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	void *data_end = (void *)(long)skb->data_end;
+	void *data = (void *)(long)skb->data;
+	struct header_pointers hdr;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = syncookie_part1(skb, data, data_end, &hdr, false);
+	if (ret != XDP_TX)
+		return ret == XDP_PASS ? TC_ACT_OK : TC_ACT_SHOT;
+
+	data_end = (void *)(long)skb->data_end;
+	data = (void *)(long)skb->data;
+
+	ret = syncookie_part2(skb, data, data_end, &hdr, false);
+	switch (ret) {
+	case XDP_PASS:
+		return TC_ACT_OK;
+	case XDP_TX:
+		return bpf_redirect(skb->ifindex, 0);
+	default:
+		return TC_ACT_SHOT;
+	}
 }
 
 char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/xdp_synproxy.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/xdp_synproxy.c
index 2b9585f2bc00..6b37e95c38ee 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/xdp_synproxy.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/xdp_synproxy.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
 
 static unsigned int ifindex;
 static __u32 attached_prog_id;
+static bool attached_tc;
 
 static void noreturn cleanup(int sig)
 {
@@ -28,6 +29,20 @@ static void noreturn cleanup(int sig)
 	if (attached_prog_id == 0)
 		exit(0);
 
+	if (attached_tc) {
+		DECLARE_LIBBPF_OPTS(bpf_tc_hook, hook,
+				    .ifindex = ifindex,
+				    .attach_point = BPF_TC_INGRESS);
+
+		err = bpf_tc_hook_destroy(&hook);
+		if (err < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_tc_hook_destroy: %s\n", strerror(-err));
+			fprintf(stderr, "Failed to destroy the TC hook\n");
+			exit(1);
+		}
+		exit(0);
+	}
+
 	prog_fd = bpf_prog_get_fd_by_id(attached_prog_id);
 	if (prog_fd < 0) {
 		fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_prog_get_fd_by_id: %s\n", strerror(-prog_fd));
@@ -55,7 +70,7 @@ static void noreturn cleanup(int sig)
 
 static noreturn void usage(const char *progname)
 {
-	fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s [--iface <iface>|--prog <prog_id>] [--mss4 <mss ipv4> --mss6 <mss ipv6> --wscale <wscale> --ttl <ttl>] [--ports <port1>,<port2>,...] [--single]\n",
+	fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s [--iface <iface>|--prog <prog_id>] [--mss4 <mss ipv4> --mss6 <mss ipv6> --wscale <wscale> --ttl <ttl>] [--ports <port1>,<port2>,...] [--single] [--tc]\n",
 		progname);
 	exit(1);
 }
@@ -74,7 +89,7 @@ static unsigned long parse_arg_ul(const char *progname, const char *arg, unsigne
 }
 
 static void parse_options(int argc, char *argv[], unsigned int *ifindex, __u32 *prog_id,
-			  __u64 *tcpipopts, char **ports, bool *single)
+			  __u64 *tcpipopts, char **ports, bool *single, bool *tc)
 {
 	static struct option long_options[] = {
 		{ "help", no_argument, NULL, 'h' },
@@ -86,6 +101,7 @@ static void parse_options(int argc, char *argv[], unsigned int *ifindex, __u32 *
 		{ "ttl", required_argument, NULL, 't' },
 		{ "ports", required_argument, NULL, 'p' },
 		{ "single", no_argument, NULL, 's' },
+		{ "tc", no_argument, NULL, 'c' },
 		{ NULL, 0, NULL, 0 },
 	};
 	unsigned long mss4, mss6, wscale, ttl;
@@ -143,6 +159,9 @@ static void parse_options(int argc, char *argv[], unsigned int *ifindex, __u32 *
 		case 's':
 			*single = true;
 			break;
+		case 'c':
+			*tc = true;
+			break;
 		default:
 			usage(argv[0]);
 		}
@@ -164,7 +183,7 @@ static void parse_options(int argc, char *argv[], unsigned int *ifindex, __u32 *
 		usage(argv[0]);
 }
 
-static int syncookie_attach(const char *argv0, unsigned int ifindex)
+static int syncookie_attach(const char *argv0, unsigned int ifindex, bool tc)
 {
 	struct bpf_prog_info info = {};
 	__u32 info_len = sizeof(info);
@@ -188,9 +207,9 @@ static int syncookie_attach(const char *argv0, unsigned int ifindex)
 		return err;
 	}
 
-	prog = bpf_object__find_program_by_name(obj, "syncookie_xdp");
+	prog = bpf_object__find_program_by_name(obj, tc ? "syncookie_tc" : "syncookie_xdp");
 	if (!prog) {
-		fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_object__find_program_by_name: program syncookie_xdp was not found\n");
+		fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_object__find_program_by_name: program was not found\n");
 		return -ENOENT;
 	}
 
@@ -201,21 +220,50 @@ static int syncookie_attach(const char *argv0, unsigned int ifindex)
 		fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd: %s\n", strerror(-err));
 		goto out;
 	}
+	attached_tc = tc;
 	attached_prog_id = info.id;
 	signal(SIGINT, cleanup);
 	signal(SIGTERM, cleanup);
-	err = bpf_xdp_attach(ifindex, prog_fd, XDP_FLAGS_UPDATE_IF_NOEXIST, NULL);
-	if (err < 0) {
-		fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_set_link_xdp_fd: %s\n", strerror(-err));
-		signal(SIGINT, SIG_DFL);
-		signal(SIGTERM, SIG_DFL);
-		attached_prog_id = 0;
-		goto out;
+	if (tc) {
+		DECLARE_LIBBPF_OPTS(bpf_tc_hook, hook,
+				    .ifindex = ifindex,
+				    .attach_point = BPF_TC_INGRESS);
+		DECLARE_LIBBPF_OPTS(bpf_tc_opts, opts,
+				    .handle = 1,
+				    .priority = 1,
+				    .prog_fd = prog_fd);
+
+		err = bpf_tc_hook_create(&hook);
+		if (err < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_tc_hook_create: %s\n",
+				strerror(-err));
+			goto fail;
+		}
+		err = bpf_tc_attach(&hook, &opts);
+		if (err < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_tc_attach: %s\n",
+				strerror(-err));
+			goto fail;
+		}
+
+	} else {
+		err = bpf_xdp_attach(ifindex, prog_fd,
+				     XDP_FLAGS_UPDATE_IF_NOEXIST, NULL);
+		if (err < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_set_link_xdp_fd: %s\n",
+				strerror(-err));
+			goto fail;
+		}
 	}
 	err = 0;
 out:
 	bpf_object__close(obj);
 	return err;
+fail:
+	signal(SIGINT, SIG_DFL);
+	signal(SIGTERM, SIG_DFL);
+	attached_prog_id = 0;
+	goto out;
 }
 
 static int syncookie_open_bpf_maps(__u32 prog_id, int *values_map_fd, int *ports_map_fd)
@@ -248,11 +296,6 @@ static int syncookie_open_bpf_maps(__u32 prog_id, int *values_map_fd, int *ports
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	if (prog_info.type != BPF_PROG_TYPE_XDP) {
-		fprintf(stderr, "Error: BPF prog type is not BPF_PROG_TYPE_XDP\n");
-		err = -ENOENT;
-		goto out;
-	}
 	if (prog_info.nr_map_ids < 2) {
 		fprintf(stderr, "Error: Found %u BPF maps, expected at least 2\n",
 			prog_info.nr_map_ids);
@@ -319,17 +362,22 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
 	char *ports;
 	bool single;
 	int err = 0;
+	bool tc;
 
-	parse_options(argc, argv, &ifindex, &prog_id, &tcpipopts, &ports, &single);
+	parse_options(argc, argv, &ifindex, &prog_id, &tcpipopts, &ports,
+		      &single, &tc);
 
 	if (prog_id == 0) {
-		err = bpf_xdp_query_id(ifindex, 0, &prog_id);
-		if (err < 0) {
-			fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_get_link_xdp_id: %s\n", strerror(-err));
-			goto out;
+		if (!tc) {
+			err = bpf_xdp_query_id(ifindex, 0, &prog_id);
+			if (err < 0) {
+				fprintf(stderr, "Error: bpf_get_link_xdp_id: %s\n",
+					strerror(-err));
+				goto out;
+			}
 		}
 		if (prog_id == 0) {
-			err = syncookie_attach(argv[0], ifindex);
+			err = syncookie_attach(argv[0], ifindex, tc);
 			if (err < 0)
 				goto out;
 			prog_id = attached_prog_id;
-- 
2.30.2

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