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Date: Sat, 18 Nov 2023 14:27:49 +0800
From: Luo Jie <quic_luoj@...cinc.com>
To: <andrew@...n.ch>, <davem@...emloft.net>, <edumazet@...gle.com>,
        <kuba@...nel.org>, <pabeni@...hat.com>, <robh+dt@...nel.org>,
        <krzysztof.kozlowski+dt@...aro.org>, <conor+dt@...nel.org>,
        <hkallweit1@...il.com>, <linux@...linux.org.uk>, <corbet@....net>
CC: <netdev@...r.kernel.org>, <devicetree@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: [PATCH v5 1/6] net: phy: introduce core support for phy-mode = "10g-qxgmii"

From: Vladimir Oltean <vladimir.oltean@....com>

10G-QXGMII is a MAC-to-PHY interface defined by the USXGMII multiport
specification. It uses the same signaling as USXGMII, but it multiplexes
4 ports over the link, resulting in a maximum speed of 2.5G per port.

Some in-tree SoCs like the NXP LS1028A use "usxgmii" when they mean
either the single-port USXGMII or the quad-port 10G-QXGMII variant, and
they could get away just fine with that thus far. But there is a need to
distinguish between the 2 as far as SerDes drivers are concerned.

Signed-off-by: Vladimir Oltean <vladimir.oltean@....com>
Signed-off-by: Luo Jie <quic_luoj@...cinc.com>
---
 Documentation/networking/phy.rst |  6 ++++++
 drivers/net/phy/phy-core.c       |  1 +
 drivers/net/phy/phylink.c        | 11 +++++++++--
 include/linux/phy.h              |  4 ++++
 include/linux/phylink.h          |  2 ++
 5 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/networking/phy.rst b/Documentation/networking/phy.rst
index 1283240d7620..f64641417c54 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/phy.rst
+++ b/Documentation/networking/phy.rst
@@ -327,6 +327,12 @@ Some of the interface modes are described below:
     This is the Penta SGMII mode, it is similar to QSGMII but it combines 5
     SGMII lines into a single link compared to 4 on QSGMII.
 
+``PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII``
+    Represents the 10G-QXGMII PHY-MAC interface as defined by the Cisco USXGMII
+    Multiport Copper Interface document. It supports 4 ports over a 10.3125 GHz
+    SerDes lane, each port having speeds of 2.5G / 1G / 100M / 10M achieved
+    through symbol replication. The PCS expects the standard USXGMII code word.
+
 Pause frames / flow control
 ===========================
 
diff --git a/drivers/net/phy/phy-core.c b/drivers/net/phy/phy-core.c
index 966c93cbe616..1cd58723d6d0 100644
--- a/drivers/net/phy/phy-core.c
+++ b/drivers/net/phy/phy-core.c
@@ -141,6 +141,7 @@ int phy_interface_num_ports(phy_interface_t interface)
 		return 1;
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QSGMII:
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QUSGMII:
+	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII:
 		return 4;
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_PSGMII:
 		return 5;
diff --git a/drivers/net/phy/phylink.c b/drivers/net/phy/phylink.c
index 25c19496a336..491481568754 100644
--- a/drivers/net/phy/phylink.c
+++ b/drivers/net/phy/phylink.c
@@ -218,6 +218,7 @@ static int phylink_interface_max_speed(phy_interface_t interface)
 		return SPEED_1000;
 
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_2500BASEX:
+	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII:
 		return SPEED_2500;
 
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_5GBASER:
@@ -487,7 +488,11 @@ static unsigned long phylink_get_capabilities(phy_interface_t interface,
 
 	switch (interface) {
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII:
-		caps |= MAC_10000FD | MAC_5000FD | MAC_2500FD;
+		caps |= MAC_10000FD | MAC_5000FD;
+		fallthrough;
+
+	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII:
+		caps |= MAC_2500FD;
 		fallthrough;
 
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_TXID:
@@ -907,6 +912,7 @@ static int phylink_parse_mode(struct phylink *pl,
 			phylink_set(pl->supported, 25000baseSR_Full);
 			fallthrough;
 		case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII:
+		case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII:
 		case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GKR:
 		case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GBASER:
 			phylink_set(pl->supported, 10baseT_Half);
@@ -1779,7 +1785,8 @@ static int phylink_bringup_phy(struct phylink *pl, struct phy_device *phy,
 	if (phy->is_c45 && config.rate_matching == RATE_MATCH_NONE &&
 	    interface != PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RXAUI &&
 	    interface != PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XAUI &&
-	    interface != PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII)
+	    interface != PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII &&
+	    interface != PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII)
 		config.interface = PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_NA;
 	else
 		config.interface = interface;
diff --git a/include/linux/phy.h b/include/linux/phy.h
index 3cc52826f18e..e0af0378e2a1 100644
--- a/include/linux/phy.h
+++ b/include/linux/phy.h
@@ -125,6 +125,7 @@ extern const int phy_10gbit_features_array[1];
  * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GKR: 10GBASE-KR - with Clause 73 AN
  * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QUSGMII: Quad Universal SGMII
  * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEKX: 1000Base-KX - with Clause 73 AN
+ * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII: 10G-QXGMII - 4 ports over 10G USXGMII
  * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MAX: Book keeping
  *
  * Describes the interface between the MAC and PHY.
@@ -165,6 +166,7 @@ typedef enum {
 	PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GKR,
 	PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QUSGMII,
 	PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEKX,
+	PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII,
 	PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MAX,
 } phy_interface_t;
 
@@ -286,6 +288,8 @@ static inline const char *phy_modes(phy_interface_t interface)
 		return "100base-x";
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QUSGMII:
 		return "qusgmii";
+	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII:
+		return "10g-qxgmii";
 	default:
 		return "unknown";
 	}
diff --git a/include/linux/phylink.h b/include/linux/phylink.h
index 875439ab45de..92bd2726cc8a 100644
--- a/include/linux/phylink.h
+++ b/include/linux/phylink.h
@@ -128,6 +128,7 @@ static inline unsigned int phylink_pcs_neg_mode(unsigned int mode,
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QSGMII:
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QUSGMII:
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII:
+	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII:
 		/* These protocols are designed for use with a PHY which
 		 * communicates its negotiation result back to the MAC via
 		 * inband communication. Note: there exist PHYs that run
@@ -680,6 +681,7 @@ static inline int phylink_get_link_timer_ns(phy_interface_t interface)
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SGMII:
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QSGMII:
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII:
+	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10G_QXGMII:
 		return 1600000;
 
 	case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEX:
-- 
2.42.0


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