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Date: Thu, 30 Nov 2023 16:42:15 +0800
From: xingwei lee <xrivendell7@...il.com>
To: syzbot+9ada62e1dc03fdc41982@...kaller.appspotmail.com
Cc: davem@...emloft.net, Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>, kuba@...nel.org, 
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, netdev@...r.kernel.org, pabeni@...hat.com, 
	syzkaller-bugs@...glegroups.com
Subject: [syzbot] [net?] WARNING in cleanup_net (3)

Hello
I reproduced this bug with repro.txt and repro.c

=* repro.txt =*
syz_emit_ethernet(0x4a, &(0x7f0000000000)={@...al, @empty, @void,
{@...6={0x86dd, @tcp={0x0, 0x6, "0d0200", 0x14, 0x6, 0x0, @empty,
@local, {[], {{0x0, 0x4001, 0x41424344, 0x41424344, 0x0, 0x0, 0x5,
0x2}}}}}}}, 0x0)
syz_mount_image$fuse(0x0, &(0x7f0000000080)='./file0\x00', 0x0, 0x0,
0x0, 0x0, 0x0)
mount$bind(&(0x7f0000000000)='./file0\x00',
&(0x7f0000000040)='./file0\x00', 0x0, 0x1010, 0x0)
pivot_root(&(0x7f00000000c0)='./file0\x00', &(0x7f0000000100)='./file0\x00')

=* repro.c =*
// autogenerated by syzkaller (https://github.com/google/syzkaller)

#define _GNU_SOURCE

#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <endian.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <net/if_arp.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <setjmp.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/syscall.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/genetlink.h>
#include <linux/if_addr.h>
#include <linux/if_ether.h>
#include <linux/if_link.h>
#include <linux/if_tun.h>
#include <linux/in6.h>
#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/loop.h>
#include <linux/neighbour.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <linux/tcp.h>
#include <linux/veth.h>

#ifndef __NR_memfd_create
#define __NR_memfd_create 319
#endif

static unsigned long long procid;

static __thread int clone_ongoing;
static __thread int skip_segv;
static __thread jmp_buf segv_env;

static void segv_handler(int sig, siginfo_t* info, void* ctx)
{
  if (__atomic_load_n(&clone_ongoing, __ATOMIC_RELAXED) != 0) {
    exit(sig);
  }
  uintptr_t addr = (uintptr_t)info->si_addr;
  const uintptr_t prog_start = 1 << 20;
  const uintptr_t prog_end = 100 << 20;
  int skip = __atomic_load_n(&skip_segv, __ATOMIC_RELAXED) != 0;
  int valid = addr < prog_start || addr > prog_end;
  if (skip && valid) {
    _longjmp(segv_env, 1);
  }
  exit(sig);
}

static void install_segv_handler(void)
{
  struct sigaction sa;
  memset(&sa, 0, sizeof(sa));
  sa.sa_handler = SIG_IGN;
  syscall(SYS_rt_sigaction, 0x20, &sa, NULL, 8);
  syscall(SYS_rt_sigaction, 0x21, &sa, NULL, 8);
  memset(&sa, 0, sizeof(sa));
  sa.sa_sigaction = segv_handler;
  sa.sa_flags = SA_NODEFER | SA_SIGINFO;
  sigaction(SIGSEGV, &sa, NULL);
  sigaction(SIGBUS, &sa, NULL);
}

#define NONFAILING(...) ({ int ok = 1; __atomic_fetch_add(&skip_segv,
1, __ATOMIC_SEQ_CST); if (_setjmp(segv_env) == 0) { __VA_ARGS__; }
else ok = 0; __atomic_fetch_sub(&skip_segv, 1, __ATOMIC_SEQ_CST); ok;
})

static void sleep_ms(uint64_t ms)
{
  usleep(ms * 1000);
}

static uint64_t current_time_ms(void)
{
  struct timespec ts;
  if (clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &ts))
  exit(1);
  return (uint64_t)ts.tv_sec * 1000 + (uint64_t)ts.tv_nsec / 1000000;
}

static void use_temporary_dir(void)
{
  char tmpdir_template[] = "./syzkaller.XXXXXX";
  char* tmpdir = mkdtemp(tmpdir_template);
  if (!tmpdir)
  exit(1);
  if (chmod(tmpdir, 0777))
  exit(1);
  if (chdir(tmpdir))
  exit(1);
}

#define BITMASK(bf_off,bf_len) (((1ull << (bf_len)) - 1) << (bf_off))
#define STORE_BY_BITMASK(type,htobe,addr,val,bf_off,bf_len)
*(type*)(addr) = htobe((htobe(*(type*)(addr)) & ~BITMASK((bf_off),
(bf_len))) | (((type)(val) << (bf_off)) & BITMASK((bf_off),
(bf_len))))

struct csum_inet {
  uint32_t acc;
};

static void csum_inet_init(struct csum_inet* csum)
{
  csum->acc = 0;
}

static void csum_inet_update(struct csum_inet* csum, const uint8_t*
data, size_t length)
{
  if (length == 0)
    return;
  size_t i = 0;
  for (; i < length - 1; i += 2)
    csum->acc += *(uint16_t*)&data[i];
  if (length & 1)
    csum->acc += le16toh((uint16_t)data[length - 1]);
  while (csum->acc > 0xffff)
    csum->acc = (csum->acc & 0xffff) + (csum->acc >> 16);
}

static uint16_t csum_inet_digest(struct csum_inet* csum)
{
  return ~csum->acc;
}

static bool write_file(const char* file, const char* what, ...)
{
  char buf[1024];
  va_list args;
  va_start(args, what);
  vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), what, args);
  va_end(args);
  buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] = 0;
  int len = strlen(buf);
  int fd = open(file, O_WRONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
  if (fd == -1)
    return false;
  if (write(fd, buf, len) != len) {
    int err = errno;
    close(fd);
    errno = err;
    return false;
  }
  close(fd);
  return true;
}

struct nlmsg {
  char* pos;
  int nesting;
  struct nlattr* nested[8];
  char buf[4096];
};

static void netlink_init(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int typ, int flags,
       const void* data, int size)
{
  memset(nlmsg, 0, sizeof(*nlmsg));
  struct nlmsghdr* hdr = (struct nlmsghdr*)nlmsg->buf;
  hdr->nlmsg_type = typ;
  hdr->nlmsg_flags = NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK | flags;
  memcpy(hdr + 1, data, size);
  nlmsg->pos = (char*)(hdr + 1) + NLMSG_ALIGN(size);
}

static void netlink_attr(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int typ,
       const void* data, int size)
{
  struct nlattr* attr = (struct nlattr*)nlmsg->pos;
  attr->nla_len = sizeof(*attr) + size;
  attr->nla_type = typ;
  if (size > 0)
    memcpy(attr + 1, data, size);
  nlmsg->pos += NLMSG_ALIGN(attr->nla_len);
}

static void netlink_nest(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int typ)
{
  struct nlattr* attr = (struct nlattr*)nlmsg->pos;
  attr->nla_type = typ;
  nlmsg->pos += sizeof(*attr);
  nlmsg->nested[nlmsg->nesting++] = attr;
}

static void netlink_done(struct nlmsg* nlmsg)
{
  struct nlattr* attr = nlmsg->nested[--nlmsg->nesting];
  attr->nla_len = nlmsg->pos - (char*)attr;
}

static int netlink_send_ext(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock,
          uint16_t reply_type, int* reply_len, bool dofail)
{
  if (nlmsg->pos > nlmsg->buf + sizeof(nlmsg->buf) || nlmsg->nesting)
  exit(1);
  struct nlmsghdr* hdr = (struct nlmsghdr*)nlmsg->buf;
  hdr->nlmsg_len = nlmsg->pos - nlmsg->buf;
  struct sockaddr_nl addr;
  memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(addr));
  addr.nl_family = AF_NETLINK;
  ssize_t n = sendto(sock, nlmsg->buf, hdr->nlmsg_len, 0, (struct
sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof(addr));
  if (n != (ssize_t)hdr->nlmsg_len) {
    if (dofail)
  exit(1);
    return -1;
  }
  n = recv(sock, nlmsg->buf, sizeof(nlmsg->buf), 0);
  if (reply_len)
    *reply_len = 0;
  if (n < 0) {
    if (dofail)
  exit(1);
    return -1;
  }
  if (n < (ssize_t)sizeof(struct nlmsghdr)) {
    errno = EINVAL;
    if (dofail)
  exit(1);
    return -1;
  }
  if (hdr->nlmsg_type == NLMSG_DONE)
    return 0;
  if (reply_len && hdr->nlmsg_type == reply_type) {
    *reply_len = n;
    return 0;
  }
  if (n < (ssize_t)(sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) + sizeof(struct nlmsgerr))) {
    errno = EINVAL;
    if (dofail)
  exit(1);
    return -1;
  }
  if (hdr->nlmsg_type != NLMSG_ERROR) {
    errno = EINVAL;
    if (dofail)
  exit(1);
    return -1;
  }
  errno = -((struct nlmsgerr*)(hdr + 1))->error;
  return -errno;
}

static int netlink_send(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock)
{
  return netlink_send_ext(nlmsg, sock, 0, NULL, true);
}

static int netlink_query_family_id(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock,
const char* family_name, bool dofail)
{
  struct genlmsghdr genlhdr;
  memset(&genlhdr, 0, sizeof(genlhdr));
  genlhdr.cmd = CTRL_CMD_GETFAMILY;
  netlink_init(nlmsg, GENL_ID_CTRL, 0, &genlhdr, sizeof(genlhdr));
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, CTRL_ATTR_FAMILY_NAME, family_name,
strnlen(family_name, GENL_NAMSIZ - 1) + 1);
  int n = 0;
  int err = netlink_send_ext(nlmsg, sock, GENL_ID_CTRL, &n, dofail);
  if (err < 0) {
    return -1;
  }
  uint16_t id = 0;
  struct nlattr* attr = (struct nlattr*)(nlmsg->buf + NLMSG_HDRLEN +
NLMSG_ALIGN(sizeof(genlhdr)));
  for (; (char*)attr < nlmsg->buf + n; attr = (struct
nlattr*)((char*)attr + NLMSG_ALIGN(attr->nla_len))) {
    if (attr->nla_type == CTRL_ATTR_FAMILY_ID) {
      id = *(uint16_t*)(attr + 1);
      break;
    }
  }
  if (!id) {
    errno = EINVAL;
    return -1;
  }
  recv(sock, nlmsg->buf, sizeof(nlmsg->buf), 0);
  return id;
}

static int netlink_next_msg(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, unsigned int offset,
          unsigned int total_len)
{
  struct nlmsghdr* hdr = (struct nlmsghdr*)(nlmsg->buf + offset);
  if (offset == total_len || offset + hdr->nlmsg_len > total_len)
    return -1;
  return hdr->nlmsg_len;
}

static void netlink_add_device_impl(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, const char* type,
            const char* name, bool up)
{
  struct ifinfomsg hdr;
  memset(&hdr, 0, sizeof(hdr));
  if (up)
    hdr.ifi_flags = hdr.ifi_change = IFF_UP;
  netlink_init(nlmsg, RTM_NEWLINK, NLM_F_EXCL | NLM_F_CREATE, &hdr,
sizeof(hdr));
  if (name)
    netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_IFNAME, name, strlen(name));
  netlink_nest(nlmsg, IFLA_LINKINFO);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_INFO_KIND, type, strlen(type));
}

static void netlink_add_device(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const char* type,
             const char* name)
{
  netlink_add_device_impl(nlmsg, type, name, false);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_add_veth(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const char* name,
           const char* peer)
{
  netlink_add_device_impl(nlmsg, "veth", name, false);
  netlink_nest(nlmsg, IFLA_INFO_DATA);
  netlink_nest(nlmsg, VETH_INFO_PEER);
  nlmsg->pos += sizeof(struct ifinfomsg);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_IFNAME, peer, strlen(peer));
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_add_xfrm(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const char* name)
{
  netlink_add_device_impl(nlmsg, "xfrm", name, true);
  netlink_nest(nlmsg, IFLA_INFO_DATA);
  int if_id = 1;
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, 2, &if_id, sizeof(if_id));
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_add_hsr(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const char* name,
          const char* slave1, const char* slave2)
{
  netlink_add_device_impl(nlmsg, "hsr", name, false);
  netlink_nest(nlmsg, IFLA_INFO_DATA);
  int ifindex1 = if_nametoindex(slave1);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_HSR_SLAVE1, &ifindex1, sizeof(ifindex1));
  int ifindex2 = if_nametoindex(slave2);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_HSR_SLAVE2, &ifindex2, sizeof(ifindex2));
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_add_linked(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const
char* type, const char* name, const char* link)
{
  netlink_add_device_impl(nlmsg, type, name, false);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  int ifindex = if_nametoindex(link);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_LINK, &ifindex, sizeof(ifindex));
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_add_vlan(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const
char* name, const char* link, uint16_t id, uint16_t proto)
{
  netlink_add_device_impl(nlmsg, "vlan", name, false);
  netlink_nest(nlmsg, IFLA_INFO_DATA);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_VLAN_ID, &id, sizeof(id));
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_VLAN_PROTOCOL, &proto, sizeof(proto));
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  int ifindex = if_nametoindex(link);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_LINK, &ifindex, sizeof(ifindex));
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_add_macvlan(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const
char* name, const char* link)
{
  netlink_add_device_impl(nlmsg, "macvlan", name, false);
  netlink_nest(nlmsg, IFLA_INFO_DATA);
  uint32_t mode = MACVLAN_MODE_BRIDGE;
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_MACVLAN_MODE, &mode, sizeof(mode));
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  int ifindex = if_nametoindex(link);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_LINK, &ifindex, sizeof(ifindex));
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_add_geneve(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const
char* name, uint32_t vni, struct in_addr* addr4, struct in6_addr*
addr6)
{
  netlink_add_device_impl(nlmsg, "geneve", name, false);
  netlink_nest(nlmsg, IFLA_INFO_DATA);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_GENEVE_ID, &vni, sizeof(vni));
  if (addr4)
    netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_GENEVE_REMOTE, addr4, sizeof(*addr4));
  if (addr6)
    netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_GENEVE_REMOTE6, addr6, sizeof(*addr6));
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

#define IFLA_IPVLAN_FLAGS 2
#define IPVLAN_MODE_L3S 2
#undef IPVLAN_F_VEPA
#define IPVLAN_F_VEPA 2

static void netlink_add_ipvlan(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const
char* name, const char* link, uint16_t mode, uint16_t flags)
{
  netlink_add_device_impl(nlmsg, "ipvlan", name, false);
  netlink_nest(nlmsg, IFLA_INFO_DATA);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_IPVLAN_MODE, &mode, sizeof(mode));
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_IPVLAN_FLAGS, &flags, sizeof(flags));
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  netlink_done(nlmsg);
  int ifindex = if_nametoindex(link);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_LINK, &ifindex, sizeof(ifindex));
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_device_change(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const
char* name, bool up,
          const char* master, const void* mac, int macsize,
          const char* new_name)
{
  struct ifinfomsg hdr;
  memset(&hdr, 0, sizeof(hdr));
  if (up)
    hdr.ifi_flags = hdr.ifi_change = IFF_UP;
  hdr.ifi_index = if_nametoindex(name);
  netlink_init(nlmsg, RTM_NEWLINK, 0, &hdr, sizeof(hdr));
  if (new_name)
    netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_IFNAME, new_name, strlen(new_name));
  if (master) {
    int ifindex = if_nametoindex(master);
    netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_MASTER, &ifindex, sizeof(ifindex));
  }
  if (macsize)
    netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFLA_ADDRESS, mac, macsize);
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static int netlink_add_addr(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const char* dev,
          const void* addr, int addrsize)
{
  struct ifaddrmsg hdr;
  memset(&hdr, 0, sizeof(hdr));
  hdr.ifa_family = addrsize == 4 ? AF_INET : AF_INET6;
  hdr.ifa_prefixlen = addrsize == 4 ? 24 : 120;
  hdr.ifa_scope = RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE;
  hdr.ifa_index = if_nametoindex(dev);
  netlink_init(nlmsg, RTM_NEWADDR, NLM_F_CREATE | NLM_F_REPLACE, &hdr,
sizeof(hdr));
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFA_LOCAL, addr, addrsize);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, IFA_ADDRESS, addr, addrsize);
  return netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
}

static void netlink_add_addr4(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock,
            const char* dev, const char* addr)
{
  struct in_addr in_addr;
  inet_pton(AF_INET, addr, &in_addr);
  int err = netlink_add_addr(nlmsg, sock, dev, &in_addr, sizeof(in_addr));
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_add_addr6(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock,
            const char* dev, const char* addr)
{
  struct in6_addr in6_addr;
  inet_pton(AF_INET6, addr, &in6_addr);
  int err = netlink_add_addr(nlmsg, sock, dev, &in6_addr, sizeof(in6_addr));
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static void netlink_add_neigh(struct nlmsg* nlmsg, int sock, const char* name,
            const void* addr, int addrsize, const void* mac, int macsize)
{
  struct ndmsg hdr;
  memset(&hdr, 0, sizeof(hdr));
  hdr.ndm_family = addrsize == 4 ? AF_INET : AF_INET6;
  hdr.ndm_ifindex = if_nametoindex(name);
  hdr.ndm_state = NUD_PERMANENT;
  netlink_init(nlmsg, RTM_NEWNEIGH, NLM_F_EXCL | NLM_F_CREATE, &hdr,
sizeof(hdr));
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, NDA_DST, addr, addrsize);
  netlink_attr(nlmsg, NDA_LLADDR, mac, macsize);
  int err = netlink_send(nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
}

static struct nlmsg nlmsg;

static int tunfd = -1;

#define TUN_IFACE "syz_tun"
#define LOCAL_MAC 0xaaaaaaaaaaaa
#define REMOTE_MAC 0xaaaaaaaaaabb
#define LOCAL_IPV4 "172.20.20.170"
#define REMOTE_IPV4 "172.20.20.187"
#define LOCAL_IPV6 "fe80::aa"
#define REMOTE_IPV6 "fe80::bb"

#define IFF_NAPI 0x0010

static void initialize_tun(void)
{
  tunfd = open("/dev/net/tun", O_RDWR | O_NONBLOCK);
  if (tunfd == -1) {
    printf("tun: can't open /dev/net/tun: please enable CONFIG_TUN=y\n");
    printf("otherwise fuzzing or reproducing might not work as intended\n");
    return;
  }
  const int kTunFd = 200;
  if (dup2(tunfd, kTunFd) < 0)
  exit(1);
  close(tunfd);
  tunfd = kTunFd;
  struct ifreq ifr;
  memset(&ifr, 0, sizeof(ifr));
  strncpy(ifr.ifr_name, TUN_IFACE, IFNAMSIZ);
  ifr.ifr_flags = IFF_TAP | IFF_NO_PI;
  if (ioctl(tunfd, TUNSETIFF, (void*)&ifr) < 0) {
  exit(1);
  }
  char sysctl[64];
  sprintf(sysctl, "/proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/%s/accept_dad", TUN_IFACE);
  write_file(sysctl, "0");
  sprintf(sysctl, "/proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/%s/router_solicitations", TUN_IFACE);
  write_file(sysctl, "0");
  int sock = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, NETLINK_ROUTE);
  if (sock == -1)
  exit(1);
  netlink_add_addr4(&nlmsg, sock, TUN_IFACE, LOCAL_IPV4);
  netlink_add_addr6(&nlmsg, sock, TUN_IFACE, LOCAL_IPV6);
  uint64_t macaddr = REMOTE_MAC;
  struct in_addr in_addr;
  inet_pton(AF_INET, REMOTE_IPV4, &in_addr);
  netlink_add_neigh(&nlmsg, sock, TUN_IFACE, &in_addr,
sizeof(in_addr), &macaddr, ETH_ALEN);
  struct in6_addr in6_addr;
  inet_pton(AF_INET6, REMOTE_IPV6, &in6_addr);
  netlink_add_neigh(&nlmsg, sock, TUN_IFACE, &in6_addr,
sizeof(in6_addr), &macaddr, ETH_ALEN);
  macaddr = LOCAL_MAC;
  netlink_device_change(&nlmsg, sock, TUN_IFACE, true, 0, &macaddr,
ETH_ALEN, NULL);
  close(sock);
}

#define DEVLINK_FAMILY_NAME "devlink"

#define DEVLINK_CMD_PORT_GET 5
#define DEVLINK_ATTR_BUS_NAME 1
#define DEVLINK_ATTR_DEV_NAME 2
#define DEVLINK_ATTR_NETDEV_NAME 7

static struct nlmsg nlmsg2;

static void initialize_devlink_ports(const char* bus_name, const char* dev_name,
             const char* netdev_prefix)
{
  struct genlmsghdr genlhdr;
  int len, total_len, id, err, offset;
  uint16_t netdev_index;
  int sock = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, NETLINK_GENERIC);
  if (sock == -1)
  exit(1);
  int rtsock = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, NETLINK_ROUTE);
  if (rtsock == -1)
  exit(1);
  id = netlink_query_family_id(&nlmsg, sock, DEVLINK_FAMILY_NAME, true);
  if (id == -1)
    goto error;
  memset(&genlhdr, 0, sizeof(genlhdr));
  genlhdr.cmd = DEVLINK_CMD_PORT_GET;
  netlink_init(&nlmsg, id, NLM_F_DUMP, &genlhdr, sizeof(genlhdr));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, DEVLINK_ATTR_BUS_NAME, bus_name, strlen(bus_name) + 1);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, DEVLINK_ATTR_DEV_NAME, dev_name, strlen(dev_name) + 1);
  err = netlink_send_ext(&nlmsg, sock, id, &total_len, true);
  if (err < 0) {
    goto error;
  }
  offset = 0;
  netdev_index = 0;
  while ((len = netlink_next_msg(&nlmsg, offset, total_len)) != -1) {
    struct nlattr* attr = (struct nlattr*)(nlmsg.buf + offset +
NLMSG_HDRLEN + NLMSG_ALIGN(sizeof(genlhdr)));
    for (; (char*)attr < nlmsg.buf + offset + len; attr = (struct
nlattr*)((char*)attr + NLMSG_ALIGN(attr->nla_len))) {
      if (attr->nla_type == DEVLINK_ATTR_NETDEV_NAME) {
        char* port_name;
        char netdev_name[IFNAMSIZ];
        port_name = (char*)(attr + 1);
        snprintf(netdev_name, sizeof(netdev_name), "%s%d",
netdev_prefix, netdev_index);
        netlink_device_change(&nlmsg2, rtsock, port_name, true, 0, 0,
0, netdev_name);
        break;
      }
    }
    offset += len;
    netdev_index++;
  }
error:
  close(rtsock);
  close(sock);
}

#define DEV_IPV4 "172.20.20.%d"
#define DEV_IPV6 "fe80::%02x"
#define DEV_MAC 0x00aaaaaaaaaa

static void netdevsim_add(unsigned int addr, unsigned int port_count)
{
  write_file("/sys/bus/netdevsim/del_device", "%u", addr);
  if (write_file("/sys/bus/netdevsim/new_device", "%u %u", addr, port_count)) {
    char buf[32];
    snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "netdevsim%d", addr);
    initialize_devlink_ports("netdevsim", buf, "netdevsim");
  }
}

#define WG_GENL_NAME "wireguard"
enum wg_cmd {
  WG_CMD_GET_DEVICE,
  WG_CMD_SET_DEVICE,
};
enum wgdevice_attribute {
  WGDEVICE_A_UNSPEC,
  WGDEVICE_A_IFINDEX,
  WGDEVICE_A_IFNAME,
  WGDEVICE_A_PRIVATE_KEY,
  WGDEVICE_A_PUBLIC_KEY,
  WGDEVICE_A_FLAGS,
  WGDEVICE_A_LISTEN_PORT,
  WGDEVICE_A_FWMARK,
  WGDEVICE_A_PEERS,
};
enum wgpeer_attribute {
  WGPEER_A_UNSPEC,
  WGPEER_A_PUBLIC_KEY,
  WGPEER_A_PRESHARED_KEY,
  WGPEER_A_FLAGS,
  WGPEER_A_ENDPOINT,
  WGPEER_A_PERSISTENT_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL,
  WGPEER_A_LAST_HANDSHAKE_TIME,
  WGPEER_A_RX_BYTES,
  WGPEER_A_TX_BYTES,
  WGPEER_A_ALLOWEDIPS,
  WGPEER_A_PROTOCOL_VERSION,
};
enum wgallowedip_attribute {
  WGALLOWEDIP_A_UNSPEC,
  WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY,
  WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR,
  WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK,
};

static void netlink_wireguard_setup(void)
{
  const char ifname_a[] = "wg0";
  const char ifname_b[] = "wg1";
  const char ifname_c[] = "wg2";
  const char private_a[] =
"\xa0\x5c\xa8\x4f\x6c\x9c\x8e\x38\x53\xe2\xfd\x7a\x70\xae\x0f\xb2\x0f\xa1\x52\x60\x0c\xb0\x08\x45\x17\x4f\x08\x07\x6f\x8d\x78\x43";
  const char private_b[] =
"\xb0\x80\x73\xe8\xd4\x4e\x91\xe3\xda\x92\x2c\x22\x43\x82\x44\xbb\x88\x5c\x69\xe2\x69\xc8\xe9\xd8\x35\xb1\x14\x29\x3a\x4d\xdc\x6e";
  const char private_c[] =
"\xa0\xcb\x87\x9a\x47\xf5\xbc\x64\x4c\x0e\x69\x3f\xa6\xd0\x31\xc7\x4a\x15\x53\xb6\xe9\x01\xb9\xff\x2f\x51\x8c\x78\x04\x2f\xb5\x42";
  const char public_a[] =
"\x97\x5c\x9d\x81\xc9\x83\xc8\x20\x9e\xe7\x81\x25\x4b\x89\x9f\x8e\xd9\x25\xae\x9f\x09\x23\xc2\x3c\x62\xf5\x3c\x57\xcd\xbf\x69\x1c";
  const char public_b[] =
"\xd1\x73\x28\x99\xf6\x11\xcd\x89\x94\x03\x4d\x7f\x41\x3d\xc9\x57\x63\x0e\x54\x93\xc2\x85\xac\xa4\x00\x65\xcb\x63\x11\xbe\x69\x6b";
  const char public_c[] =
"\xf4\x4d\xa3\x67\xa8\x8e\xe6\x56\x4f\x02\x02\x11\x45\x67\x27\x08\x2f\x5c\xeb\xee\x8b\x1b\xf5\xeb\x73\x37\x34\x1b\x45\x9b\x39\x22";
  const uint16_t listen_a = 20001;
  const uint16_t listen_b = 20002;
  const uint16_t listen_c = 20003;
  const uint16_t af_inet = AF_INET;
  const uint16_t af_inet6 = AF_INET6;
  const struct sockaddr_in endpoint_b_v4 = {
      .sin_family = AF_INET,
      .sin_port = htons(listen_b),
      .sin_addr = {htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK)}};
  const struct sockaddr_in endpoint_c_v4 = {
      .sin_family = AF_INET,
      .sin_port = htons(listen_c),
      .sin_addr = {htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK)}};
  struct sockaddr_in6 endpoint_a_v6 = {
      .sin6_family = AF_INET6,
      .sin6_port = htons(listen_a)};
  endpoint_a_v6.sin6_addr = in6addr_loopback;
  struct sockaddr_in6 endpoint_c_v6 = {
      .sin6_family = AF_INET6,
      .sin6_port = htons(listen_c)};
  endpoint_c_v6.sin6_addr = in6addr_loopback;
  const struct in_addr first_half_v4 = {0};
  const struct in_addr second_half_v4 = {(uint32_t)htonl(128 << 24)};
  const struct in6_addr first_half_v6 = {{{0}}};
  const struct in6_addr second_half_v6 = {{{0x80}}};
  const uint8_t half_cidr = 1;
  const uint16_t persistent_keepalives[] = {1, 3, 7, 9, 14, 19};
  struct genlmsghdr genlhdr = {
      .cmd = WG_CMD_SET_DEVICE,
      .version = 1};
  int sock;
  int id, err;
  sock = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, NETLINK_GENERIC);
  if (sock == -1) {
    return;
  }
  id = netlink_query_family_id(&nlmsg, sock, WG_GENL_NAME, true);
  if (id == -1)
    goto error;
  netlink_init(&nlmsg, id, 0, &genlhdr, sizeof(genlhdr));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGDEVICE_A_IFNAME, ifname_a, strlen(ifname_a) + 1);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGDEVICE_A_PRIVATE_KEY, private_a, 32);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGDEVICE_A_LISTEN_PORT, &listen_a, 2);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | WGDEVICE_A_PEERS);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PUBLIC_KEY, public_b, 32);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_ENDPOINT, &endpoint_b_v4,
sizeof(endpoint_b_v4));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PERSISTENT_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL,
&persistent_keepalives[0], 2);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | WGPEER_A_ALLOWEDIPS);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &first_half_v4,
sizeof(first_half_v4));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet6, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &first_half_v6,
sizeof(first_half_v6));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PUBLIC_KEY, public_c, 32);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_ENDPOINT, &endpoint_c_v6,
sizeof(endpoint_c_v6));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PERSISTENT_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL,
&persistent_keepalives[1], 2);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | WGPEER_A_ALLOWEDIPS);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &second_half_v4,
sizeof(second_half_v4));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet6, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &second_half_v6,
sizeof(second_half_v6));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  err = netlink_send(&nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
  netlink_init(&nlmsg, id, 0, &genlhdr, sizeof(genlhdr));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGDEVICE_A_IFNAME, ifname_b, strlen(ifname_b) + 1);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGDEVICE_A_PRIVATE_KEY, private_b, 32);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGDEVICE_A_LISTEN_PORT, &listen_b, 2);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | WGDEVICE_A_PEERS);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PUBLIC_KEY, public_a, 32);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_ENDPOINT, &endpoint_a_v6,
sizeof(endpoint_a_v6));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PERSISTENT_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL,
&persistent_keepalives[2], 2);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | WGPEER_A_ALLOWEDIPS);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &first_half_v4,
sizeof(first_half_v4));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet6, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &first_half_v6,
sizeof(first_half_v6));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PUBLIC_KEY, public_c, 32);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_ENDPOINT, &endpoint_c_v4,
sizeof(endpoint_c_v4));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PERSISTENT_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL,
&persistent_keepalives[3], 2);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | WGPEER_A_ALLOWEDIPS);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &second_half_v4,
sizeof(second_half_v4));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet6, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &second_half_v6,
sizeof(second_half_v6));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  err = netlink_send(&nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }
  netlink_init(&nlmsg, id, 0, &genlhdr, sizeof(genlhdr));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGDEVICE_A_IFNAME, ifname_c, strlen(ifname_c) + 1);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGDEVICE_A_PRIVATE_KEY, private_c, 32);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGDEVICE_A_LISTEN_PORT, &listen_c, 2);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | WGDEVICE_A_PEERS);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PUBLIC_KEY, public_a, 32);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_ENDPOINT, &endpoint_a_v6,
sizeof(endpoint_a_v6));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PERSISTENT_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL,
&persistent_keepalives[4], 2);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | WGPEER_A_ALLOWEDIPS);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &first_half_v4,
sizeof(first_half_v4));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet6, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &first_half_v6,
sizeof(first_half_v6));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PUBLIC_KEY, public_b, 32);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_ENDPOINT, &endpoint_b_v4,
sizeof(endpoint_b_v4));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGPEER_A_PERSISTENT_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL,
&persistent_keepalives[5], 2);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | WGPEER_A_ALLOWEDIPS);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &second_half_v4,
sizeof(second_half_v4));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_nest(&nlmsg, NLA_F_NESTED | 0);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_FAMILY, &af_inet6, 2);
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_IPADDR, &second_half_v6,
sizeof(second_half_v6));
  netlink_attr(&nlmsg, WGALLOWEDIP_A_CIDR_MASK, &half_cidr, 1);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  netlink_done(&nlmsg);
  err = netlink_send(&nlmsg, sock);
  if (err < 0) {
  }

error:
  close(sock);
}

static void initialize_netdevices(void)
{
  char netdevsim[16];
  sprintf(netdevsim, "netdevsim%d", (int)procid);
  struct {
    const char* type;
    const char* dev;
  } devtypes[] = {
    {"ip6gretap", "ip6gretap0"},
    {"bridge", "bridge0"},
    {"vcan", "vcan0"},
    {"bond", "bond0"},
    {"team", "team0"},
    {"dummy", "dummy0"},
    {"nlmon", "nlmon0"},
    {"caif", "caif0"},
    {"batadv", "batadv0"},
    {"vxcan", "vxcan1"},
    {"veth", 0},
    {"wireguard", "wg0"},
    {"wireguard", "wg1"},
    {"wireguard", "wg2"},
  };
  const char* devmasters[] = {"bridge", "bond", "team", "batadv"};
  struct {
    const char* name;
    int macsize;
    bool noipv6;
  } devices[] = {
    {"lo", ETH_ALEN},
    {"sit0", 0},
    {"bridge0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"vcan0", 0, true},
    {"tunl0", 0},
    {"gre0", 0},
    {"gretap0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"ip_vti0", 0},
    {"ip6_vti0", 0},
    {"ip6tnl0", 0},
    {"ip6gre0", 0},
    {"ip6gretap0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"erspan0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"bond0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth1", ETH_ALEN},
    {"team0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth0_to_bridge", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth1_to_bridge", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth0_to_bond", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth1_to_bond", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth0_to_team", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth1_to_team", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth0_to_hsr", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth1_to_hsr", ETH_ALEN},
    {"hsr0", 0},
    {"dummy0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"nlmon0", 0},
    {"vxcan0", 0, true},
    {"vxcan1", 0, true},
    {"caif0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"batadv0", ETH_ALEN},
    {netdevsim, ETH_ALEN},
    {"xfrm0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth0_virt_wifi", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth1_virt_wifi", ETH_ALEN},
    {"virt_wifi0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth0_vlan", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth1_vlan", ETH_ALEN},
    {"vlan0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"vlan1", ETH_ALEN},
    {"macvlan0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"macvlan1", ETH_ALEN},
    {"ipvlan0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"ipvlan1", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth0_macvtap", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth1_macvtap", ETH_ALEN},
    {"macvtap0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"macsec0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth0_to_batadv", ETH_ALEN},
    {"veth1_to_batadv", ETH_ALEN},
    {"batadv_slave_0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"batadv_slave_1", ETH_ALEN},
    {"geneve0", ETH_ALEN},
    {"geneve1", ETH_ALEN},
    {"wg0", 0},
    {"wg1", 0},
    {"wg2", 0},
  };
  int sock = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, NETLINK_ROUTE);
  if (sock == -1)
  exit(1);
  unsigned i;
  for (i = 0; i < sizeof(devtypes) / sizeof(devtypes[0]); i++)
    netlink_add_device(&nlmsg, sock, devtypes[i].type, devtypes[i].dev);
  for (i = 0; i < sizeof(devmasters) / (sizeof(devmasters[0])); i++) {
    char master[32], slave0[32], veth0[32], slave1[32], veth1[32];
    sprintf(slave0, "%s_slave_0", devmasters[i]);
    sprintf(veth0, "veth0_to_%s", devmasters[i]);
    netlink_add_veth(&nlmsg, sock, slave0, veth0);
    sprintf(slave1, "%s_slave_1", devmasters[i]);
    sprintf(veth1, "veth1_to_%s", devmasters[i]);
    netlink_add_veth(&nlmsg, sock, slave1, veth1);
    sprintf(master, "%s0", devmasters[i]);
    netlink_device_change(&nlmsg, sock, slave0, false, master, 0, 0, NULL);
    netlink_device_change(&nlmsg, sock, slave1, false, master, 0, 0, NULL);
  }
  netlink_add_xfrm(&nlmsg, sock, "xfrm0");
  netlink_device_change(&nlmsg, sock, "bridge_slave_0", true, 0, 0, 0, NULL);
  netlink_device_change(&nlmsg, sock, "bridge_slave_1", true, 0, 0, 0, NULL);
  netlink_add_veth(&nlmsg, sock, "hsr_slave_0", "veth0_to_hsr");
  netlink_add_veth(&nlmsg, sock, "hsr_slave_1", "veth1_to_hsr");
  netlink_add_hsr(&nlmsg, sock, "hsr0", "hsr_slave_0", "hsr_slave_1");
  netlink_device_change(&nlmsg, sock, "hsr_slave_0", true, 0, 0, 0, NULL);
  netlink_device_change(&nlmsg, sock, "hsr_slave_1", true, 0, 0, 0, NULL);
  netlink_add_veth(&nlmsg, sock, "veth0_virt_wifi", "veth1_virt_wifi");
  netlink_add_linked(&nlmsg, sock, "virt_wifi", "virt_wifi0",
"veth1_virt_wifi");
  netlink_add_veth(&nlmsg, sock, "veth0_vlan", "veth1_vlan");
  netlink_add_vlan(&nlmsg, sock, "vlan0", "veth0_vlan", 0, htons(ETH_P_8021Q));
  netlink_add_vlan(&nlmsg, sock, "vlan1", "veth0_vlan", 1, htons(ETH_P_8021AD));
  netlink_add_macvlan(&nlmsg, sock, "macvlan0", "veth1_vlan");
  netlink_add_macvlan(&nlmsg, sock, "macvlan1", "veth1_vlan");
  netlink_add_ipvlan(&nlmsg, sock, "ipvlan0", "veth0_vlan", IPVLAN_MODE_L2, 0);
  netlink_add_ipvlan(&nlmsg, sock, "ipvlan1", "veth0_vlan",
IPVLAN_MODE_L3S, IPVLAN_F_VEPA);
  netlink_add_veth(&nlmsg, sock, "veth0_macvtap", "veth1_macvtap");
  netlink_add_linked(&nlmsg, sock, "macvtap", "macvtap0", "veth0_macvtap");
  netlink_add_linked(&nlmsg, sock, "macsec", "macsec0", "veth1_macvtap");
  char addr[32];
  sprintf(addr, DEV_IPV4, 14 + 10);
  struct in_addr geneve_addr4;
  if (inet_pton(AF_INET, addr, &geneve_addr4) <= 0)
  exit(1);
  struct in6_addr geneve_addr6;
  if (inet_pton(AF_INET6, "fc00::01", &geneve_addr6) <= 0)
  exit(1);
  netlink_add_geneve(&nlmsg, sock, "geneve0", 0, &geneve_addr4, 0);
  netlink_add_geneve(&nlmsg, sock, "geneve1", 1, 0, &geneve_addr6);
  netdevsim_add((int)procid, 4);
  netlink_wireguard_setup();
  for (i = 0; i < sizeof(devices) / (sizeof(devices[0])); i++) {
    char addr[32];
    sprintf(addr, DEV_IPV4, i + 10);
    netlink_add_addr4(&nlmsg, sock, devices[i].name, addr);
    if (!devices[i].noipv6) {
      sprintf(addr, DEV_IPV6, i + 10);
      netlink_add_addr6(&nlmsg, sock, devices[i].name, addr);
    }
    uint64_t macaddr = DEV_MAC + ((i + 10ull) << 40);
    netlink_device_change(&nlmsg, sock, devices[i].name, true, 0,
&macaddr, devices[i].macsize, NULL);
  }
  close(sock);
}
static void initialize_netdevices_init(void)
{
  int sock = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, NETLINK_ROUTE);
  if (sock == -1)
  exit(1);
  struct {
    const char* type;
    int macsize;
    bool noipv6;
    bool noup;
  } devtypes[] = {
      {"nr", 7, true},
      {"rose", 5, true, true},
  };
  unsigned i;
  for (i = 0; i < sizeof(devtypes) / sizeof(devtypes[0]); i++) {
    char dev[32], addr[32];
    sprintf(dev, "%s%d", devtypes[i].type, (int)procid);
    sprintf(addr, "172.30.%d.%d", i, (int)procid + 1);
    netlink_add_addr4(&nlmsg, sock, dev, addr);
    if (!devtypes[i].noipv6) {
      sprintf(addr, "fe88::%02x:%02x", i, (int)procid + 1);
      netlink_add_addr6(&nlmsg, sock, dev, addr);
    }
    int macsize = devtypes[i].macsize;
    uint64_t macaddr = 0xbbbbbb + ((unsigned long long)i << (8 *
(macsize - 2))) +
         (procid << (8 * (macsize - 1)));
    netlink_device_change(&nlmsg, sock, dev, !devtypes[i].noup, 0,
&macaddr, macsize, NULL);
  }
  close(sock);

}

static int read_tun(char* data, int size)
{
  if (tunfd < 0)
    return -1;
  int rv = read(tunfd, data, size);
  if (rv < 0) {
    if (errno == EAGAIN || errno == EBADFD)
      return -1;
  exit(1);
  }
  return rv;
}

static long syz_emit_ethernet(volatile long a0, volatile long a1,
volatile long a2)
{
  if (tunfd < 0)
    return (uintptr_t)-1;
  uint32_t length = a0;
  char* data = (char*)a1;
  return write(tunfd, data, length);
}

static void flush_tun()
{
  char data[1000];
  while (read_tun(&data[0], sizeof(data)) != -1) {
  }
}

#define MAX_FDS 30

//% This code is derived from puff.{c,h}, found in the zlib development. The
//% original files come with the following copyright notice:

//% Copyright (C) 2002-2013 Mark Adler, all rights reserved
//% version 2.3, 21 Jan 2013
//% This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied
//% warranty.  In no event will the author be held liable for any damages
//% arising from the use of this software.
//% Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose,
//% including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it
//% freely, subject to the following restrictions:
//% 1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not
//%    claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software
//%    in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be
//%    appreciated but is not required.
//% 2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be
//%    misrepresented as being the original software.
//% 3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.
//% Mark Adler    madler@...mni.caltech.edu

//% BEGIN CODE DERIVED FROM puff.{c,h}

#define MAXBITS 15
#define MAXLCODES 286
#define MAXDCODES 30
#define MAXCODES (MAXLCODES + MAXDCODES)
#define FIXLCODES 288

struct puff_state {
  unsigned char* out;
  unsigned long outlen;
  unsigned long outcnt;
  const unsigned char* in;
  unsigned long inlen;
  unsigned long incnt;
  int bitbuf;
  int bitcnt;
  jmp_buf env;
};
static int puff_bits(struct puff_state* s, int need)
{
  long val = s->bitbuf;
  while (s->bitcnt < need) {
    if (s->incnt == s->inlen)
      longjmp(s->env, 1);
    val |= (long)(s->in[s->incnt++]) << s->bitcnt;
    s->bitcnt += 8;
  }
  s->bitbuf = (int)(val >> need);
  s->bitcnt -= need;
  return (int)(val & ((1L << need) - 1));
}
static int puff_stored(struct puff_state* s)
{
  s->bitbuf = 0;
  s->bitcnt = 0;
  if (s->incnt + 4 > s->inlen)
    return 2;
  unsigned len = s->in[s->incnt++];
  len |= s->in[s->incnt++] << 8;
  if (s->in[s->incnt++] != (~len & 0xff) ||
      s->in[s->incnt++] != ((~len >> 8) & 0xff))
    return -2;
  if (s->incnt + len > s->inlen)
    return 2;
  if (s->outcnt + len > s->outlen)
    return 1;
  for (; len--; s->outcnt++, s->incnt++) {
    if (s->in[s->incnt])
      s->out[s->outcnt] = s->in[s->incnt];
  }
  return 0;
}
struct puff_huffman {
  short* count;
  short* symbol;
};
static int puff_decode(struct puff_state* s, const struct puff_huffman* h)
{
  int first = 0;
  int index = 0;
  int bitbuf = s->bitbuf;
  int left = s->bitcnt;
  int code = first = index = 0;
  int len = 1;
  short* next = h->count + 1;
  while (1) {
    while (left--) {
      code |= bitbuf & 1;
      bitbuf >>= 1;
      int count = *next++;
      if (code - count < first) {
        s->bitbuf = bitbuf;
        s->bitcnt = (s->bitcnt - len) & 7;
        return h->symbol[index + (code - first)];
      }
      index += count;
      first += count;
      first <<= 1;
      code <<= 1;
      len++;
    }
    left = (MAXBITS + 1) - len;
    if (left == 0)
      break;
    if (s->incnt == s->inlen)
      longjmp(s->env, 1);
    bitbuf = s->in[s->incnt++];
    if (left > 8)
      left = 8;
  }
  return -10;
}
static int puff_construct(struct puff_huffman* h, const short* length, int n)
{
  int len;
  for (len = 0; len <= MAXBITS; len++)
    h->count[len] = 0;
  int symbol;
  for (symbol = 0; symbol < n; symbol++)
    (h->count[length[symbol]])++;
  if (h->count[0] == n)
    return 0;
  int left = 1;
  for (len = 1; len <= MAXBITS; len++) {
    left <<= 1;
    left -= h->count[len];
    if (left < 0)
      return left;
  }
  short offs[MAXBITS + 1];
  offs[1] = 0;
  for (len = 1; len < MAXBITS; len++)
    offs[len + 1] = offs[len] + h->count[len];
  for (symbol = 0; symbol < n; symbol++)
    if (length[symbol] != 0)
      h->symbol[offs[length[symbol]]++] = symbol;
  return left;
}
static int puff_codes(struct puff_state* s,
          const struct puff_huffman* lencode,
          const struct puff_huffman* distcode)
{
  static const short lens[29] = {
               3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 23, 27, 31,
               35, 43, 51, 59, 67, 83, 99, 115, 131, 163, 195, 227, 258};
  static const short lext[29] = {
               0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2,
               3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 0};
  static const short dists[30] = {
          1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 13, 17, 25, 33, 49, 65, 97, 129, 193,
          257, 385, 513, 769, 1025, 1537, 2049, 3073, 4097, 6145,
          8193, 12289, 16385, 24577};
  static const short dext[30] = {
               0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6,
               7, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10, 10, 11, 11,
               12, 12, 13, 13};
  int symbol;
  do {
    symbol = puff_decode(s, lencode);
    if (symbol < 0)
      return symbol;
    if (symbol < 256) {
      if (s->outcnt == s->outlen)
        return 1;
      if (symbol)
        s->out[s->outcnt] = symbol;
      s->outcnt++;
    } else if (symbol > 256) {
      symbol -= 257;
      if (symbol >= 29)
        return -10;
      int len = lens[symbol] + puff_bits(s, lext[symbol]);
      symbol = puff_decode(s, distcode);
      if (symbol < 0)
        return symbol;
      unsigned dist = dists[symbol] + puff_bits(s, dext[symbol]);
      if (dist > s->outcnt)
        return -11;
      if (s->outcnt + len > s->outlen)
        return 1;
      while (len--) {
        if (dist <= s->outcnt && s->out[s->outcnt - dist])
          s->out[s->outcnt] = s->out[s->outcnt - dist];
        s->outcnt++;
      }
    }
  } while (symbol != 256);
  return 0;
}
static int puff_fixed(struct puff_state* s)
{
  static int virgin = 1;
  static short lencnt[MAXBITS + 1], lensym[FIXLCODES];
  static short distcnt[MAXBITS + 1], distsym[MAXDCODES];
  static struct puff_huffman lencode, distcode;
  if (virgin) {
    lencode.count = lencnt;
    lencode.symbol = lensym;
    distcode.count = distcnt;
    distcode.symbol = distsym;
    short lengths[FIXLCODES];
    int symbol;
    for (symbol = 0; symbol < 144; symbol++)
      lengths[symbol] = 8;
    for (; symbol < 256; symbol++)
      lengths[symbol] = 9;
    for (; symbol < 280; symbol++)
      lengths[symbol] = 7;
    for (; symbol < FIXLCODES; symbol++)
      lengths[symbol] = 8;
    puff_construct(&lencode, lengths, FIXLCODES);
    for (symbol = 0; symbol < MAXDCODES; symbol++)
      lengths[symbol] = 5;
    puff_construct(&distcode, lengths, MAXDCODES);
    virgin = 0;
  }
  return puff_codes(s, &lencode, &distcode);
}
static int puff_dynamic(struct puff_state* s)
{
  static const short order[19] =
      {16, 17, 18, 0, 8, 7, 9, 6, 10, 5, 11, 4, 12, 3, 13, 2, 14, 1, 15};
  int nlen = puff_bits(s, 5) + 257;
  int ndist = puff_bits(s, 5) + 1;
  int ncode = puff_bits(s, 4) + 4;
  if (nlen > MAXLCODES || ndist > MAXDCODES)
    return -3;
  short lengths[MAXCODES];
  int index;
  for (index = 0; index < ncode; index++)
    lengths[order[index]] = puff_bits(s, 3);
  for (; index < 19; index++)
    lengths[order[index]] = 0;
  short lencnt[MAXBITS + 1], lensym[MAXLCODES];
  struct puff_huffman lencode = {lencnt, lensym};
  int err = puff_construct(&lencode, lengths, 19);
  if (err != 0)
    return -4;
  index = 0;
  while (index < nlen + ndist) {
    int symbol;
    int len;
    symbol = puff_decode(s, &lencode);
    if (symbol < 0)
      return symbol;
    if (symbol < 16)
      lengths[index++] = symbol;
    else {
      len = 0;
      if (symbol == 16) {
        if (index == 0)
          return -5;
        len = lengths[index - 1];
        symbol = 3 + puff_bits(s, 2);
      } else if (symbol == 17)
        symbol = 3 + puff_bits(s, 3);
      else
        symbol = 11 + puff_bits(s, 7);
      if (index + symbol > nlen + ndist)
        return -6;
      while (symbol--)
        lengths[index++] = len;
    }
  }
  if (lengths[256] == 0)
    return -9;
  err = puff_construct(&lencode, lengths, nlen);
  if (err && (err < 0 || nlen != lencode.count[0] + lencode.count[1]))
    return -7;
  short distcnt[MAXBITS + 1], distsym[MAXDCODES];
  struct puff_huffman distcode = {distcnt, distsym};
  err = puff_construct(&distcode, lengths + nlen, ndist);
  if (err && (err < 0 || ndist != distcode.count[0] + distcode.count[1]))
    return -8;
  return puff_codes(s, &lencode, &distcode);
}
static int puff(
    unsigned char* dest,
    unsigned long* destlen,
    const unsigned char* source,
    unsigned long sourcelen)
{
  struct puff_state s = {
      .out = dest,
      .outlen = *destlen,
      .outcnt = 0,
      .in = source,
      .inlen = sourcelen,
      .incnt = 0,
      .bitbuf = 0,
      .bitcnt = 0,
  };
  int err;
  if (setjmp(s.env) != 0)
    err = 2;
  else {
    int last;
    do {
      last = puff_bits(&s, 1);
      int type = puff_bits(&s, 2);
      err = type == 0 ? puff_stored(&s) : (type == 1 ? puff_fixed(&s)
: (type == 2 ? puff_dynamic(&s) : -1));
      if (err != 0)
        break;
    } while (!last);
  }
  *destlen = s.outcnt;
  return err;
}

//% END CODE DERIVED FROM puff.{c,h}

#define ZLIB_HEADER_WIDTH 2

static int puff_zlib_to_file(const unsigned char* source, unsigned
long sourcelen, int dest_fd)
{
  if (sourcelen < ZLIB_HEADER_WIDTH)
    return 0;
  source += ZLIB_HEADER_WIDTH;
  sourcelen -= ZLIB_HEADER_WIDTH;
  const unsigned long max_destlen = 132 << 20;
  void* ret = mmap(0, max_destlen, PROT_WRITE | PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE
| MAP_ANON, -1, 0);
  if (ret == MAP_FAILED)
    return -1;
  unsigned char* dest = (unsigned char*)ret;
  unsigned long destlen = max_destlen;
  int err = puff(dest, &destlen, source, sourcelen);
  if (err) {
    munmap(dest, max_destlen);
    errno = -err;
    return -1;
  }
  if (write(dest_fd, dest, destlen) != (ssize_t)destlen) {
    munmap(dest, max_destlen);
    return -1;
  }
  return munmap(dest, max_destlen);
}

static int setup_loop_device(unsigned char* data, unsigned long size,
const char* loopname, int* loopfd_p)
{
  int err = 0, loopfd = -1;
  int memfd = syscall(__NR_memfd_create, "syzkaller", 0);
  if (memfd == -1) {
    err = errno;
    goto error;
  }
  if (puff_zlib_to_file(data, size, memfd)) {
    err = errno;
    goto error_close_memfd;
  }
  loopfd = open(loopname, O_RDWR);
  if (loopfd == -1) {
    err = errno;
    goto error_close_memfd;
  }
  if (ioctl(loopfd, LOOP_SET_FD, memfd)) {
    if (errno != EBUSY) {
      err = errno;
      goto error_close_loop;
    }
    ioctl(loopfd, LOOP_CLR_FD, 0);
    usleep(1000);
    if (ioctl(loopfd, LOOP_SET_FD, memfd)) {
      err = errno;
      goto error_close_loop;
    }
  }
  close(memfd);
  *loopfd_p = loopfd;
  return 0;

error_close_loop:
  close(loopfd);
error_close_memfd:
  close(memfd);
error:
  errno = err;
  return -1;
}

static long syz_mount_image(
    volatile long fsarg,
    volatile long dir,
    volatile long flags,
    volatile long optsarg,
    volatile long change_dir,
    volatile unsigned long size,
    volatile long image)
{
  unsigned char* data = (unsigned char*)image;
  int res = -1, err = 0, loopfd = -1, need_loop_device = !!size;
  char* mount_opts = (char*)optsarg;
  char* target = (char*)dir;
  char* fs = (char*)fsarg;
  char* source = NULL;
  char loopname[64];
  if (need_loop_device) {
    memset(loopname, 0, sizeof(loopname));
    snprintf(loopname, sizeof(loopname), "/dev/loop%llu", procid);
    if (setup_loop_device(data, size, loopname, &loopfd) == -1)
      return -1;
    source = loopname;
  }
  mkdir(target, 0777);
  char opts[256];
  memset(opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
  if (strlen(mount_opts) > (sizeof(opts) - 32)) {
  }
  strncpy(opts, mount_opts, sizeof(opts) - 32);
  if (strcmp(fs, "iso9660") == 0) {
    flags |= MS_RDONLY;
  } else if (strncmp(fs, "ext", 3) == 0) {
    bool has_remount_ro = false;
    char* remount_ro_start = strstr(opts, "errors=remount-ro");
    if (remount_ro_start != NULL) {
      char after = *(remount_ro_start + strlen("errors=remount-ro"));
      char before = remount_ro_start == opts ? '\0' : *(remount_ro_start - 1);
      has_remount_ro = ((before == '\0' || before == ',') && (after ==
'\0' || after == ','));
    }
    if (strstr(opts, "errors=panic") || !has_remount_ro)
      strcat(opts, ",errors=continue");
  } else if (strcmp(fs, "xfs") == 0) {
    strcat(opts, ",nouuid");
  }
  res = mount(source, target, fs, flags, opts);
  if (res == -1) {
    err = errno;
    goto error_clear_loop;
  }
  res = open(target, O_RDONLY | O_DIRECTORY);
  if (res == -1) {
    err = errno;
    goto error_clear_loop;
  }
  if (change_dir) {
    res = chdir(target);
    if (res == -1) {
      err = errno;
    }
  }

error_clear_loop:
  if (need_loop_device) {
    ioctl(loopfd, LOOP_CLR_FD, 0);
    close(loopfd);
  }
  errno = err;
  return res;
}

static void setup_common()
{
  if (mount(0, "/sys/fs/fuse/connections", "fusectl", 0, 0)) {
  }
}

static void setup_binderfs()
{
  if (mkdir("/dev/binderfs", 0777)) {
  }
  if (mount("binder", "/dev/binderfs", "binder", 0, NULL)) {
  }
}

static void loop();

static void sandbox_common()
{
  prctl(PR_SET_PDEATHSIG, SIGKILL, 0, 0, 0);
  setsid();
  struct rlimit rlim;
  rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = (200 << 20);
  setrlimit(RLIMIT_AS, &rlim);
  rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = 32 << 20;
  setrlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, &rlim);
  rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = 136 << 20;
  setrlimit(RLIMIT_FSIZE, &rlim);
  rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = 1 << 20;
  setrlimit(RLIMIT_STACK, &rlim);
  rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = 128 << 20;
  setrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &rlim);
  rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = 256;
  setrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &rlim);
  if (unshare(CLONE_NEWNS)) {
  }
  if (mount(NULL, "/", NULL, MS_REC | MS_PRIVATE, NULL)) {
  }
  if (unshare(CLONE_NEWIPC)) {
  }
  if (unshare(0x02000000)) {
  }
  if (unshare(CLONE_NEWUTS)) {
  }
  if (unshare(CLONE_SYSVSEM)) {
  }
  typedef struct {
    const char* name;
    const char* value;
  } sysctl_t;
  static const sysctl_t sysctls[] = {
      {"/proc/sys/kernel/shmmax", "16777216"},
      {"/proc/sys/kernel/shmall", "536870912"},
      {"/proc/sys/kernel/shmmni", "1024"},
      {"/proc/sys/kernel/msgmax", "8192"},
      {"/proc/sys/kernel/msgmni", "1024"},
      {"/proc/sys/kernel/msgmnb", "1024"},
      {"/proc/sys/kernel/sem", "1024 1048576 500 1024"},
  };
  unsigned i;
  for (i = 0; i < sizeof(sysctls) / sizeof(sysctls[0]); i++)
    write_file(sysctls[i].name, sysctls[i].value);
}

static int wait_for_loop(int pid)
{
  if (pid < 0)
  exit(1);
  int status = 0;
  while (waitpid(-1, &status, __WALL) != pid) {
  }
  return WEXITSTATUS(status);
}

static void drop_caps(void)
{
  struct __user_cap_header_struct cap_hdr = {};
  struct __user_cap_data_struct cap_data[2] = {};
  cap_hdr.version = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3;
  cap_hdr.pid = getpid();
  if (syscall(SYS_capget, &cap_hdr, &cap_data))
  exit(1);
  const int drop = (1 << CAP_SYS_PTRACE) | (1 << CAP_SYS_NICE);
  cap_data[0].effective &= ~drop;
  cap_data[0].permitted &= ~drop;
  cap_data[0].inheritable &= ~drop;
  if (syscall(SYS_capset, &cap_hdr, &cap_data))
  exit(1);
}

static int do_sandbox_none(void)
{
  if (unshare(CLONE_NEWPID)) {
  }
  int pid = fork();
  if (pid != 0)
    return wait_for_loop(pid);
  setup_common();
  sandbox_common();
  drop_caps();
  initialize_netdevices_init();
  if (unshare(CLONE_NEWNET)) {
  }
  write_file("/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ping_group_range", "0 65535");
  initialize_tun();
  initialize_netdevices();
  setup_binderfs();
  loop();
  exit(1);
}

#define FS_IOC_SETFLAGS _IOW('f', 2, long)
static void remove_dir(const char* dir)
{
  int iter = 0;
  DIR* dp = 0;
retry:
    while (umount2(dir, MNT_DETACH | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW) == 0) {
    }
  dp = opendir(dir);
  if (dp == NULL) {
    if (errno == EMFILE) {
  exit(1);
    }
  exit(1);
  }
  struct dirent* ep = 0;
  while ((ep = readdir(dp))) {
    if (strcmp(ep->d_name, ".") == 0 || strcmp(ep->d_name, "..") == 0)
      continue;
    char filename[FILENAME_MAX];
    snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s/%s", dir, ep->d_name);
      while (umount2(filename, MNT_DETACH | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW) == 0) {
      }
    struct stat st;
    if (lstat(filename, &st))
  exit(1);
    if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
      remove_dir(filename);
      continue;
    }
    int i;
    for (i = 0;; i++) {
      if (unlink(filename) == 0)
        break;
      if (errno == EPERM) {
        int fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
        if (fd != -1) {
          long flags = 0;
          if (ioctl(fd, FS_IOC_SETFLAGS, &flags) == 0) {
          }
          close(fd);
          continue;
        }
      }
      if (errno == EROFS) {
        break;
      }
      if (errno != EBUSY || i > 100)
  exit(1);
        if (umount2(filename, MNT_DETACH | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW))
  exit(1);
    }
  }
  closedir(dp);
  for (int i = 0;; i++) {
    if (rmdir(dir) == 0)
      break;
    if (i < 100) {
      if (errno == EPERM) {
        int fd = open(dir, O_RDONLY);
        if (fd != -1) {
          long flags = 0;
          if (ioctl(fd, FS_IOC_SETFLAGS, &flags) == 0) {
          }
          close(fd);
          continue;
        }
      }
      if (errno == EROFS) {
        break;
      }
      if (errno == EBUSY) {
          if (umount2(dir, MNT_DETACH | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW))
  exit(1);
        continue;
      }
      if (errno == ENOTEMPTY) {
        if (iter < 100) {
          iter++;
          goto retry;
        }
      }
    }
  exit(1);
  }
}

static void kill_and_wait(int pid, int* status)
{
  kill(-pid, SIGKILL);
  kill(pid, SIGKILL);
  for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
    if (waitpid(-1, status, WNOHANG | __WALL) == pid)
      return;
    usleep(1000);
  }
  DIR* dir = opendir("/sys/fs/fuse/connections");
  if (dir) {
    for (;;) {
      struct dirent* ent = readdir(dir);
      if (!ent)
        break;
      if (strcmp(ent->d_name, ".") == 0 || strcmp(ent->d_name, "..") == 0)
        continue;
      char abort[300];
      snprintf(abort, sizeof(abort),
"/sys/fs/fuse/connections/%s/abort", ent->d_name);
      int fd = open(abort, O_WRONLY);
      if (fd == -1) {
        continue;
      }
      if (write(fd, abort, 1) < 0) {
      }
      close(fd);
    }
    closedir(dir);
  } else {
  }
  while (waitpid(-1, status, __WALL) != pid) {
  }
}

static void reset_loop()
{
  char buf[64];
  snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/dev/loop%llu", procid);
  int loopfd = open(buf, O_RDWR);
  if (loopfd != -1) {
    ioctl(loopfd, LOOP_CLR_FD, 0);
    close(loopfd);
  }
}

static void setup_test()
{
  prctl(PR_SET_PDEATHSIG, SIGKILL, 0, 0, 0);
  setpgrp();
  write_file("/proc/self/oom_score_adj", "1000");
  flush_tun();
  if (symlink("/dev/binderfs", "./binderfs")) {
  }
}

static void close_fds()
{
  for (int fd = 3; fd < MAX_FDS; fd++)
    close(fd);
}

static void execute_one(void);

#define WAIT_FLAGS __WALL

static void loop(void)
{
  int iter = 0;
  for (;; iter++) {
    char cwdbuf[32];
    sprintf(cwdbuf, "./%d", iter);
    if (mkdir(cwdbuf, 0777))
      exit(1);
    reset_loop();
    int pid = fork();
    if (pid < 0)
      exit(1);
    if (pid == 0) {
      if (chdir(cwdbuf))
        exit(1);
      setup_test();
      execute_one();
      close_fds();
      exit(0);
    }
    int status = 0;
    uint64_t start = current_time_ms();
    for (;;) {
      if (waitpid(-1, &status, WNOHANG | WAIT_FLAGS) == pid)
        break;
      sleep_ms(1);
      if (current_time_ms() - start < 5000)
        continue;
      kill_and_wait(pid, &status);
      break;
    }
    remove_dir(cwdbuf);
  }
}

void execute_one(void)
{
  NONFAILING(memset((void*)0x20000000, 170, 5));
  NONFAILING(*(uint8_t*)0x20000005 = 0xaa);
  NONFAILING(memset((void*)0x20000006, 0, 6));
  NONFAILING(*(uint16_t*)0x2000000c = htobe16(0x86dd));
  NONFAILING(STORE_BY_BITMASK(uint8_t, , 0x2000000e, 0, 0, 4));
  NONFAILING(STORE_BY_BITMASK(uint8_t, , 0x2000000e, 6, 4, 4));
  NONFAILING(memcpy((void*)0x2000000f, "\x0d\x02\x00", 3));
  NONFAILING(*(uint16_t*)0x20000012 = htobe16(0x14));
  NONFAILING(*(uint8_t*)0x20000014 = 6);
  NONFAILING(*(uint8_t*)0x20000015 = 0);
  NONFAILING(memset((void*)0x20000016, 0, 16));
  NONFAILING(*(uint8_t*)0x20000026 = 0xfe);
  NONFAILING(*(uint8_t*)0x20000027 = 0x80);
  NONFAILING(memset((void*)0x20000028, 0, 13));
  NONFAILING(*(uint8_t*)0x20000035 = 0xaa);
  NONFAILING(*(uint16_t*)0x20000036 = htobe16(0));
  NONFAILING(*(uint16_t*)0x20000038 = htobe16(0x4001));
  NONFAILING(*(uint32_t*)0x2000003a = 0x41424344);
  NONFAILING(*(uint32_t*)0x2000003e = 0x41424344);
  NONFAILING(STORE_BY_BITMASK(uint8_t, , 0x20000042, 0, 0, 1));
  NONFAILING(STORE_BY_BITMASK(uint8_t, , 0x20000042, 0, 1, 3));
  NONFAILING(STORE_BY_BITMASK(uint8_t, , 0x20000042, 5, 4, 4));
  NONFAILING(*(uint8_t*)0x20000043 = 2);
  NONFAILING(*(uint16_t*)0x20000044 = htobe16(0));
  NONFAILING(*(uint16_t*)0x20000046 = htobe16(0));
  NONFAILING(*(uint16_t*)0x20000048 = htobe16(0));
  struct csum_inet csum_1;
  csum_inet_init(&csum_1);
  NONFAILING(csum_inet_update(&csum_1, (const uint8_t*)0x20000016, 16));
  NONFAILING(csum_inet_update(&csum_1, (const uint8_t*)0x20000026, 16));
  uint32_t csum_1_chunk_2 = 0x14000000;
  csum_inet_update(&csum_1, (const uint8_t*)&csum_1_chunk_2, 4);
  uint32_t csum_1_chunk_3 = 0x6000000;
  csum_inet_update(&csum_1, (const uint8_t*)&csum_1_chunk_3, 4);
  NONFAILING(csum_inet_update(&csum_1, (const uint8_t*)0x20000036, 20));
  NONFAILING(*(uint16_t*)0x20000046 = csum_inet_digest(&csum_1));
  NONFAILING(syz_emit_ethernet(/*len=*/0x4a, /*packet=*/0x20000000,
/*frags=*/0));
  NONFAILING(memcpy((void*)0x20000080, "./file0\000", 8));
  NONFAILING(syz_mount_image(/*fs=*/0, /*dir=*/0x20000080,
/*flags=*/0, /*opts=*/0, /*chdir=*/0, /*size=*/0, /*img=*/0));
  NONFAILING(memcpy((void*)0x20000000, "./file0\000", 8));
  NONFAILING(memcpy((void*)0x20000040, "./file0\000", 8));
  syscall(__NR_mount, /*src=*/0x20000000ul, /*dst=*/0x20000040ul,
/*type=*/0ul, /*flags=*/0x1010ul, /*data=*/0ul);
  NONFAILING(memcpy((void*)0x200000c0, "./file0\000", 8));
  NONFAILING(memcpy((void*)0x20000100, "./file0\000", 8));
  syscall(__NR_pivot_root, /*new_root=*/0x200000c0ul, /*put_old=*/0x20000100ul);

}
int main(void)
{
  syscall(__NR_mmap, /*addr=*/0x1ffff000ul, /*len=*/0x1000ul,
/*prot=*/0ul, /*flags=*/0x32ul, /*fd=*/-1, /*offset=*/0ul);
  syscall(__NR_mmap, /*addr=*/0x20000000ul, /*len=*/0x1000000ul,
/*prot=*/7ul, /*flags=*/0x32ul, /*fd=*/-1, /*offset=*/0ul);
  syscall(__NR_mmap, /*addr=*/0x21000000ul, /*len=*/0x1000ul,
/*prot=*/0ul, /*flags=*/0x32ul, /*fd=*/-1, /*offset=*/0ul);
  install_segv_handler();
  for (procid = 0; procid < 4; procid++) {
    if (fork() == 0) {
      use_temporary_dir();
      do_sandbox_none();
    }
  }
  sleep(1000000);
  return 0;
}

also
https://gist.github.com/xrivendell7/44780af4a9dededc5ff7a7c0583ce3f1

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