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Date:	Thu, 3 Jan 2013 12:46:08 -0800
From:	Andrew Morton <>
To:	Eric Dumazet <>
Cc:	David Miller <>,
	netdev <>,
	"" <>,
	Tom Herbert <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next] softirq: reduce latencies

On Thu, 03 Jan 2013 04:28:52 -0800
Eric Dumazet <> wrote:

> From: Eric Dumazet <>
> In various network workloads, __do_softirq() latencies can be up
> to 20 ms if HZ=1000, and 200 ms if HZ=100.
> This is because we iterate 10 times in the softirq dispatcher,
> and some actions can consume a lot of cycles.

hm, where did that "20 ms" come from?  What caused it?  Is it simply
the case that you happened to have actions which consume 2ms if HZ=1000
and 20ms if HZ=100?

> This patch changes the fallback to ksoftirqd condition to :
> - A time limit of 2 ms.
> - need_resched() being set on current task
> When one of this condition is met, we wakeup ksoftirqd for further
> softirq processing if we still have pending softirqs.

Do we need both tests?  The need_resched() test alone might be

With this change, there is a possibility that a rapidly-rescheduling
task will cause softirq starvation?

Can this change cause worsened latencies in some situations?  Say there
are a large number of short-running actions queued.  Presently we'll
dispatch ten of them and return.  With this change we'll dispatch many
more of them - however many consume 2ms.  So worst-case latency
increases from "10 * not-much" to "2 ms".

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