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Date:	Sat, 19 Jul 2014 02:44:16 +0200
From:	Frederic Weisbecker <>
To:	LKML <>
Cc:	Frederic Weisbecker <>,
	Ingo Molnar <>,
	"Paul E. McKenney" <>,
	Peter Zijlstra <>,
	Steven Rostedt <>,
	Thomas Gleixner <>,
	Viresh Kumar <>
Subject: [PATCH 05/10] smp: Fast path check on IPI list

When we enqueue a remote irq work, we trigger the same IPI as those
raised by smp_call_function_*() family.

So when we receive such IPI, we check both irq_work and smp_call_function
queues. Thus if we trigger a remote irq work, we'll likely find the
smp_call_function queue empty unless we collide with concurrent enqueuers
but the probability is low.

Meanwhile, checking the smp_call_function queue can be costly because
we use llist_del_all() which relies on cmpxchg().

We can reduce this overhead by doing a fast path check with llist_empty().
Given the implicit IPI ordering:

       Enqueuer                            Dequeuer
       ---------                           --------
       llist_add(csd, queue)               get_IPI() {
       send_IPI()                              if (llist_empty(queue)
When the IPI is sent, we are guaranteed that the IPI receiver will
see the new csd.

So lets do the fast path check to optimize non smp_call_function() related

Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Viresh Kumar <>
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <>
 kernel/smp.c | 11 ++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/smp.c b/kernel/smp.c
index a1812d1..34378d4 100644
--- a/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/kernel/smp.c
@@ -184,11 +184,19 @@ static int generic_exec_single(int cpu, struct call_single_data *csd,
 void generic_smp_call_function_single_interrupt(void)
+	struct llist_head *head = &__get_cpu_var(call_single_queue);
 	struct llist_node *entry;
 	struct call_single_data *csd, *csd_next;
 	static bool warned;
-	entry = llist_del_all(&__get_cpu_var(call_single_queue));
+	/*
+	 * Fast check: in case of irq work remote queue, the IPI list
+	 * is likely empty. We can spare the expensive llist_del_all().
+	 */
+	if (llist_empty(head))
+		goto irq_work;
+	entry = llist_del_all(head);
 	entry = llist_reverse_order(entry);
@@ -212,6 +220,7 @@ void generic_smp_call_function_single_interrupt(void)
 	 * Handle irq works queued remotely by irq_work_queue_on().
 	 * Smp functions above are typically synchronous so they

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