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Date:   Sun, 24 Mar 2019 22:50:33 +0100
From:   Stefan Agner <>
To:     Arnd Bergmann <>
Cc:     Russell King - ARM Linux <>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <>,
        Robin Murphy <>,
        Nicolas Pitre <>,
        Florian Fainelli <>,
        Ray Jui <>,
        Scott Branden <>,
        bcm-kernel-feedback-list <>,
        Kukjin Kim <>,
        Krzysztof Kozlowski <>,
        Rob Herring <>,
        Santosh Shilimkar <>,
        Jason Cooper <>,
        Andrew Lunn <>,
        Gregory CLEMENT <>,
        Sebastian Hesselbarth <>,
        Tony Lindgren <>,
        Marc Gonzalez <>,
        Mans Rullgard <>,
        Nick Desaulniers <>,
        Linux ARM <>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/3] ARM: use arch_extension directive instead of arch

On 23.03.2019 21:06, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Sat, Mar 23, 2019 at 4:52 PM Stefan Agner <> wrote:
>> The LLVM Target parser currently does not allow to specify the security
>> extension as part of -march (see also LLVM Bug 40186 [0]). When trying
>> to use Clang with LLVM's integrated assembler, this leads to a build
>> errors such as this:
>>   clang-8: error: the clang compiler does not support '-Wa,-march=armv7-a+sec'
>> Use ".arch_extension sec" to enable the security extension in a more
>> portable fasion.
>> Note that this is technically not exactly the same as the old code
>> checked for availabilty of the security extension by calling as-instr.
>> However, there are already other sites which use ".arch_extension sec"
>> unconditionally, hence de-facto we need an assembler capable of
>> ".arch_extension sec" already today (arch/arm/mm/proc-v7.S). The
>> arch extension "sec" is available since binutils 2.21 according to
>> its documentation [1].
>> [0]
>> [1]
>> Signed-off-by: Stefan Agner <>
> This sounds like a good idea. I think we have platform specific
> minimum toolchain versions elsewhere, but I don't see a problem
> with raising the minimum version for all the armv7ve platforms.
> I've added this patch to my randconfig test queue, but please
> send it to for inclusion when you have
> collected more Acks.

Cool, will do!

> Do you have a git tree with other patches required for the
> integrated assembler? I might try that out as well with
> my randconfig tree. At the moment I'm building with
> clang-8 and a small number of patches on top.

I do have some more work in progress patches. I made some rough commits
and pushed the tree here:

This tree compiles for me and a test boot with qemu seems to work.

It seems that LLVM's integrated assembler is capable of assembling
almost the whole kernel a lot can be worked around/fixed on kernel side.
There are only about a handful of files where I still use the GNU
assembler. Haven't looked closely at these cases yet.

There is one issue which probably need a change in LLVM:

I proposed this fix:

> Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <>



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